5th World Congress on Virology
SPC GCA ,MDSU,Ajmer,India
Title: Viral Diseases of Ajmer Rajasthan India
Biography: Rashmi Sharma
Ajmer is located in the center of Rajasthan (India) between 250 38 and 260 58 North Latitude and 730 54 and 750 22 East Longitude covering a geographical area of about 8481sqkm hemmed in all sides by Aravalli hills. Viral diseases occur when an organism’s body is invaded by pathogenic viruses and infectious viral particles (virions) enter susceptible cells. The viral diseases which commonly occur in Ajmer are: 1) Influenza (family Orthomyxoviridae), occur by droplet contact. Treatment is by Amantadine, rimantadine, zanamivir, oseltamivir. Prevention is by hand washing, covering the mouth while coughing and sneezing and avoiding close contact. 2) AIDS (Retriviridae) transmission is by sexual contact, blood, breast milk. Treatment is by HAART and prevention by avoiding shared needles, safe sex. Diagnosis is by antibody detection, p24 and nucleic acids. 3) Measles (Paramyxo viridae) transmission by droplet contact, treatment none, prevention by vaccines and avoiding contact, diagnosis is by antibody detection. 4) Mumps (Family Paramyxo viridae) transmission is by droplet contact and treatment none; prevention is vaccine and avoiding close contact. 5) Chicken pox (family Herpes viridae), transmission is by direct contact, treatment by zoster and varicella (acyclovir) and diagnosis by cell culture. 6) Gastroenteritis (Adeni viridae) transmission by droplet contact, fecal and oral; treatment none, prevention is by vaccine diagnosis ELISA. 7) Pneumonia (Paramyxo viridae) Transmission by droplet contact, treatment none, prevention by vaccine, diagnosis is by antibody detection.