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13th World Congress on Virology, Infections and Outbreaks, will be organized around the theme “Advanced Research and Emerging Issues in the Field of Virology”
Virology and Viral Diseases 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Virology and Viral Diseases 2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Clinical virology is a branch of medicine which deals with isolating and characterizing several viruses that are responsible for human diseases. It mainly deals with cell cultures, serological, biochemical and molecular studies. This field is very useful in knowing the epidemiology and spreading of viral diseases. By knowing the modes of transmission, effective treatment strategies can be invented.
- Track 1-1Virus Infections and Diabetes Mellitus
- Track 1-2Viral Genomics and Proterozoic
- Track 1-3Types of Infectious diseases
- Track 1-4Virus Evolution
- Track 1-5Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-6Viruses in Genetic Engineering
- Track 1-7Viral Replication Cycle
- Track 1-8Viral Genomics and Proterozoic
- Track 1-9Viruses in Cancer Prevention and Treatment
- Track 1-10Viruses in Bacteriophage Therapies
- Track 1-11Viruses in Nanotechnology
- Track 1-12Viruses in Agriculture and Plant Sciences
- Track 1-13Cellular Factors Affecting Viral Replication and Pathogenic
Virus is the pathogenic microbe that causes infections in human body. Virions are the virus particles which are consisted of two parts such as genetic material and protein coat. Viruses mainly affect the human immune system of the human body. Hepatitis virus is the common virus that degenerates the immunity of the body. Virulence is the capacity of the virus to infect the human system. Vaccination helps in preventing the infections caused by virus, as it produces the antibodies that are necessary in defense mechanism. The most common and well know lethal disease caused by human immune deficiency virus is AIDS.
- Track 2-1Animal Viruses
- Track 2-2Epidemiology of Alpha Virus
- Track 2-3Morphology of Pestivirus
- Track 2-4Animal Safety and Bio Distribution Study of Herpes Simplex Virus
- Track 2-5Prevention of Fetal Infection with Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus type 1a by Vaccination
- Track 2-6Animal Ethics and the Autonomous Animal Self
- Track 2-7Animal Cell Culture
- Track 2-8Animal Ecology
- Track 2-9Animal Influenza Virus
Respiratory tract infections mainly affect the nose and throat. This can also be caused by any of the other several different viruses. The most common respiratory tract infections include the common cold and influenza. The most commonly detected viruses are respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus and the influenza virus. Doctors often refer to these as upper respiratory infections because they cause symptoms mainly in the parts of nose and throat. In small children, viruses also commonly cause infections of the lower respiratory tract the windpipe, airways, and lungs. These infections include croup, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia. Children sometimes have infections involving both the upper and lower respiratory tracts. In children, rhinoviruses, influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, enter viruses, and certain strains of adenovirus are the main causes of viral respiratory infections.
- Track 3-1Molecular Virology
- Track 3-2Clinical Microbiology
- Track 3-3Applied Microbiology
- Track 3-4Genetics and Immunology Of Microbes
- Track 3-5Insect Virology
- Track 3-6Hepatitis And Virology In Humans
- Track 3-7Viral Oncology
- Track 3-8Veterinary Virology
- Track 3-9Diagnostic Virology
- Track 3-10Microbial Genetics
Viral immunology is the study of viral infections and immune responses towards viral infections which can cause deleterious effect on the functions of the cells. It includes both DNA and RNA viral infections. Viruses are strongly immunogenic and induces 2 types of immune responses; humoral and cellular. The repertoire of specificities of T and B cells are formed by rearrangements and somatic mutations. T and B cells do not generally recognize the same epitopes present on the same virus. B cells see the free unaltered proteins in their native 3-D conformation whereas T cells usually see the Ag in a denatured form in conjunction with MHC molecules. The characteristics of the immune reaction to the same virus may differ in different individuals depending on their genetic constitutions.
Humoral response is responsible for blocking the infectivity of the virus (neutralization). Those of the IgM and IgG class are especially relevant for defense against viral infections accompanied by viraemia, whereas those of the IgA class are important in infections acquired through a mucosa. In contrast, the cellular response kills the virus-infected cells expressing viral proteins on their surfaces, such as the glycoproteins of enveloped viruses and sometimes core proteins of these viruses.
- Track 4-1Global Virology II - HIV and Neuro AIDS
- Track 4-2Encyclopedia of AIDS
- Track 4-3AIDS and Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Track 4-4AIDS-Associated Viral Oncogenesis
- Track 4-5Filoviruses-Ebola virus & Westnile Viruses
- Track 4-6Corona Viruses
- Track 4-7Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
- Track 4-8Swine flu outbreak,Prevention & Treatment
- Track 4-9HIV Associated Diseases
- Track 4-10Viral Meningitis
- Track 4-11HIV and Retroviral Transmission and Prevention
Vaccines that are developed from viruses are viral vaccines. Viral vaccines contain either inactivated viruses or attenuated viruses. One of the most common examples of viral vaccine is MMR (mumps, measles and rubella) vaccine. Inactivated or killed viral vaccines contain viruses, which have lost their ability to replicate and in turn cause disease. The first human vaccines against viruses were based using weaker or attenuated viruses to generate immunity. The smallpox vaccine used cowpox, a poxvirus that was similar enough to smallpox to protect against it but usually didn't cause serious illness .Rabies was the first virus attenuated in a lab to create a vaccine for humans.
- Track 5-1Virology and Immunology in Multiple Sclerosis: Rationale for Therapy
- Track 5-2Mucosal Immunology and Virology
- Track 5-3Immunoinformatics and Systems Immunology
- Track 5-4Technological Innovations in Immunology
- Track 5-5Diagnostic Immunology
- Track 5-6Reproductive Immunology
- Track 5-7Neuro Immunology
- Track 5-8Cancer and Tumor Immunobiology
- Track 5-9Transplantation Immunology
- Track 5-10Cellular Immunology
- Track 5-11Molecular Immunology
- Track 5-12Viral immunology infection & immunity
- Track 5-13Nutritional Immunology
Viruses quickly adapt to and exploit the varying conditions because they have polymerase enzyme that helps in viral replication. Emerging viral disease is a major threat to global health. Due to rapid mutation and adaptation to changing environment several new viral diseases causing human illness.Emerging viral diseases are a major threat to human and veterinary public health such as Ebola virus in Africa, along with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), several influenza subtypes, and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) coronaviruses have underscored the urgency of understanding factors influencing viral disease emergence and spreading world-wide. The world's current leading infectious killer, HIV, has caused an estimated 36 million deaths since the first cases were reported in 1981.
- Track 6-1Diversity
- Track 6-2Metagenomics
- Track 6-3Emerging Viruses & Infectious Diseases
- Track 6-4Epidemiology & Public Health
- Track 6-5Viruses’ Role in Human Evolution
- Track 6-6Viral Pathogenesis
Antiviral drugs are medication used specifically for treating viral infections. Like antibiotics for bacteria, specific antivirals are used for specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antiviral drugs do not destroy their target pathogen; instead they inhibit their development.Antiviral drugs are one type of antimicrobials, a larger group which also includes antibiotic (also termed antibacterial), antifungal and antiparasitic drugs. They are relatively harmless to the host, and therefore can be used to treat infections. They should be distinguished from viricides, which are not medication but deactivate or destroy virus particles, either inside or outside the body. Antivirals also can be found in essential oils of some herbs, such as eucalyptus oil and its constituents.Most of the antiviral drugs now available are designed to help deal with HIV, herpes viruses, the hepatitis B and C viruses, which can cause liver cancer, and influenza A and B viruses.
The general idea behind modern antiviral drug design is to identify viral proteins, or parts of proteins, that can be disabled. These "targets" should generally be as unlike any proteins or parts of proteins in humans as possible, to reduce the likelihood of side effects. The targets should also be common across many strains of a virus, or even among different species of virus in the same family, so a single drug will have broad effectiveness. Almost all anti-microbials, including anti-virals, are subject to drug resistance as the pathogens mutate over time.
- Track 7-1Environmental Virology
- Track 7-2Applied Plant Virology
- Track 7-3Plant Virology Protocols
- Track 7-4Viruses in Foods
- Track 7-5Microbial Ecology
- Track 7-6Plant-Virus Interactions
- Track 7-7Environmental And Soil Microbiology
- Track 7-8Plant And Fungal Virology
- Track 7-9Food Microbiology
Epidemiology is the study of the determinants, dynamics and distribution of diseases in the population. Viral epidemiology is the branch of medical science that deals with the transmission and control of virus infections in humans. Transmission of viruses can be vertical, which means from mother to child, or horizontal, which means from person to person. Examples of vertical transmission include hepatitis B virus and HIV, where the baby is born already infected with the virus. Another, rarer, example is the varicella zoster virus, which, although causing relatively mild infections in humans, can be fatal to the foetus and newborn baby.
Epidemiology is used to break the chain of infection in populations during outbreaks of viral diseases. Control measures are used that are based on knowledge of how the virus is transmitted. It is important to find the source, or sources, of the outbreak and to identify the virus. Once the virus has been identified, the chain of transmission can sometimes be broken by vaccines. When vaccines are not available, sanitation and disinfection can be effective. Often, infected people are isolated from the rest of the community, and those that have been exposed to the virus are placed in quarantine. Most viral infections of humans and other animals have incubation periods during which the infection causes no signs or symptoms. Incubation periods for viral diseases range from a few days to weeks, but are known for most infections.
- Track 8-1Ebola
- Track 8-2Marburg
- Track 8-3Hantavirus
- Track 8-4Lassa
- Track 8-5Rabies
- Track 8-6Smallpox
- Track 8-7Dengue
- Track 8-8Influenza
- Track 8-9Influenza
Viral infections are hard to treat because viruses live inside the body cells. They are "protected" from medicines, which usually move through bloodstream. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are a few antiviral medicines available. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases. Viruses are capsular with genetic material inside .They are tiny, much smaller than bacteria .Viruses cause familiar infectious disease such as the common cold flu and warts. They also cause severe illness such as HIV, smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers. Antiviral drugs are used for the treatment of viral infection. An antiviral agent tends to narrow in spectrum and have limited efficacy. The drugs used for viral infection are Acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir), and valacyclovir (Valtrex) are effective against herpesvirus, including herpes zoster and herpes genitalis. Drugs used for treatment for viral fever are Acetaminophen (Tylenolothers) or ibuprofen (Advil, motrin IB).
- Track 9-1RNA Tumor Viruses, Oncogenes, Human Cancer and AIDS: On the Frontiers of Understanding
- Track 9-2DNA & RNA Viruses
- Track 9-3Transforming Proteins of DNA Tumor Viruses
- Track 9-4Tumor Virology
- Track 9-5Live, Attenuated, Inactivated, DNA vaccines
- Track 9-6Infectious Agents and Cancer
- Track 9-7Organ Specific Cancers & Tumor Virology
- Ebola virus is one of the two members of a family of RNA viruses called the Filoviridae and of the order Mononegavirales. Ebola HF is an important emerging infection in central Africa and has received much attention in recent years owing to the documented high case-fatality rates (50% to 90%) associated with past outbreaks. Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 when two outbreaks of Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) occurred in northern Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) and southern Sudan. Out of five identified subtypes of Ebola virus, four of the five have caused disease in humans: Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan, Ebola-Ivory Coast and Ebola- Bundibugyo. The fifth, Ebola-Reston, has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans. The most highly virulent subtype of Ebola is Ebola Zaire whose mortality rate is 88%. About 1850 cases with over 1200 deaths have been documented since the Ebola virus was discovered and average fatality rate is 65%. Due to its highly pathogenic nature, scientific research conducted on Ebola must be conducted in a Biosafety Level 4 Lab (BSL-4). Immuno-Informatic Speculation and Computational Modeling of Novel MHC-II Human Leukocyte Antigenic Alleles to Elicit Vaccine for Ebola Virus.
- Zika has become one of the most worldwide spreading dangerous infection over the past decade because of its perpetual spread, initially in Asia-Pacific region, followed by its expeditious entry into the Western world. Zika virus was initially discovered in rhesus monkey in the forest of Uganda. But due to Unique genetic recombination in the genome of Zika virus has made the Zika infection more dangerous than the last one. Zika virus can be transmitted through both vector and non-vector means such as mosquito and sexual transmission. Eighty percent patient with Zika virus showed asymptomatic symptoms on the initial stage of disease onset but later symptoms can become severe.
- H1N1 is a flu virus. When it was first detected in 2009, it was called “swine flu” because the virus was similar to those found in pigs. The H1N1 virus is currently a seasonal flu virus found in humans. Although it also circulates in pigs, you cannot get it by eating properly handled and cooked pork or pork products.The 2009 swine flu outbreak (pandemic) was due to infection with the H1N1 virus and was first observed in Mexico. Symptoms of swine flu in humans are similar to most influenza infections: fever (100 F or greater), cough, nasal secretions, fatigue, and headache.
- Rabies is a viral disease that causes acute inflammation of the brain in humans and other warm-blooded animals. Rabies is transmitted to humans from other animals. Rabies can be transmitted when an infected animal scratches or bites another animal or human. Saliva from an infected animal can also transmit rabies if the saliva comes into contact with a mucous membrane of another animal or human. Most rabies cases in humans are the result of dog bites.
- Smallpox is a contagious infection unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. Smallpox localized in a little body-fluid vessels of the skin and in the mouth and throat. In the skin it produced in a attribute maculopapular rash and, subsequent, increased fluid-filled blisters. V. major makes a more serious disease and has an overall mortality rate of 3035%. V. minor causes a milder pattern of infection (also renowned as alastrim, cottonpox, milkpox, whitepox, and Cuban itch) with a morbidity rate of 1% of its victims. Long-term complications of V. major contamination encompass characteristic blemishes, routinely on the face, which occur in 6585% of survivors. Blindness resulting from corneal ulceration and scarring, and limb deformities due to arthritis and osteomyelitis are less widespread difficulties, traced in about 25% of situations. Likely ways to become contaminated with smallpox include: extended face-to-face communication with someone who has smallpox (usually someone who currently has a smallpox rash). The smallpox virus is not powerful and is killed by sunlight and heat. In lab trials, 90% of aerosolized smallpox virus passes away within 24 hours; in the occurrence of sunlight.
- Dengue is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito infected with one of the four dengue virus serotypes. It is a febrile illness that affects infants, young children and adults with symptoms appearing 3-14 days after the infective bite.Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Mild dengue fever causes high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain. A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death.
- Influenza is commonly called as flu. It is caused by virus. Influenza starts with common cold. Avian influenza is the disease caused by birds. In general humans are not affected with this flu. However, people who are in direct contact with influenza affected poultry may develop the disease. Flu virus attacks the respiratory system of humans. Body pains, headaches, cough, high fever are some of the symptom of flu. This is a contagious disease which spread easily through air and water as means. Treatment involves medication with antiviral drugs helps in curing the lethal condition.
- Track 10-1Poxviruses
- Track 10-2Ebolaviruses
- Track 10-3The Baculoviruses
- Track 10-4Arenaviruses
- Track 10-5Lyssaviruses
- Track 10-6The Simian Viruses / Rhinoviruses
- Track 10-7Retroviruses
- Track 10-8Hepatitis C Virus I
- Track 10-9Influenza Virus
- Track 10-10Viriods
- Track 10-11Defective Viruses
- Track 10-12Prions
- Track 10-13Pseudoviruses
- Track 10-14Proteomics & Genomics
- Track 10-15Viriods
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an enveloped virus, belonging to the viral family Retroviridae. It is a highly evolved virus which has grasped the attention of all researchers with its special features like morphology, genetics and also by its emerging nature. The special feature of all retro viruses is the presence of an enzyme called Reverse transcriptase which plays major role in reverse transcription process. HIV enters the host body, damages immune system and will cause life-threatening opportunistic infections finally leads to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).
- Diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus can be performed by various bio-chemical techniques. Body fluids like saliva, urine or serum of suspected individuals should be collected for the detection of RNA, antibodies or antigens. Diagnoses through antibody detection tests are specially designed biochemical techniques which are extremely accurate and inexpensive. ELISA and Western blot techniques are well-known antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of HIV.
- Antiretroviral treatment are medications that treat HIV. The drugs do not kill or cure the virus. However, when taken in combination they can prevent the growth of the virus. When the virus is slowed down, so is HIV disease. Antiretroviral drugs are referred to as ARV. Combination ARV therapy (cART) is referred to as highly active ART (HAART). Each type, or “class”, of ARV drugs attacks HIV in a different way. The first class of anti-HIV drugs was the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (also called NRTIs or “nukes”.) These drugs block step 4, where the HIV genetic material is used to create DNA from RNA.
- Current Research deals with morphology and genetic alterations of HIV with main focus on infection, transmission, replication, reverse transcription, diagnosis, vaccine research, immunological reactions, prevention and treatment techniques, etc.
- Track 11-1Viral Infections of Humans
- Track 11-2STD & HIV Infection
- Track 11-3Non communicable Infectious Diseases
- Track 11-4Diagnosis of infectious diseases
- Track 11-5Vector-borne Diseases
- Track 11-6Urinary tract infections
- Track 11-7Pediatric Infectious Diseases
- Track 11-8Respiratory Infectious Diseases
- Track 11-9Dermatological Infectious Diseases
- Track 11-10Global Trends in Emerging Infectious Diseases
- Track 11-11Viral infections
- Track 11-12Rapid Detection of Infectious Agents
- Track 11-13Viral Vaccines
- Track 11-14Bacterial Viral Interactions
- Track 11-15Fungal Infections
- Track 11-16Bacterial Infections
- Track 11-17Immunology of Infections
- Track 11-18Parasitic infections
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that affects the liver. It can cause both acute and chronic infections. Many people have no symptoms during the initial infection. Some develop a rapid onset of sickness with vomiting, yellowish skin, tiredness, dark urine and abdominal pain. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major public health concerns. About 2 billion infected individuals globally, 350 million chronic hepatitis and up to 1.2 million death annually due to HBV infection have been made the emergency of this infection inevitable. Approximately 75% of patients with chronic hepatitis live in Asia and Africa and up to 15-45% of HBV infected patients grows to cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). More than 35% of Iranian populations have been exposed to HBV and more than 3% of the community estimated to be virus carriers.
- Track 12-1Restriction Factors
- Track 12-2Interferons
- Track 12-3Immunomodulators
- Track 12-4Antiviral agents
- Track 12-5Virucidal agents
- Track 12-6Antiviral Chemotherapy
- Track 12-7Vaccines
- Track 12-8Passive Prophylaxis
- Track 12-9Active Prophylaxis
- Track 12-10Immunoprophylaxis
- Track 12-11Antiviral Research and Strategies
- Track 12-12Antiviral Therapy and Resistance
- Track 12-13Antivirals
- Track 12-14Cytokines
Herpes simplex virus belongs to herpesvirus family. Herpes simplex virus is classified into 2 types: namely HSV-1 and HSV-2. This virus causes incurable disease herpes. HSV-1 is commonly known for cold sores whereas HSV-2 for genital herpes. Herpes simplex virus cannot be eradicated totally from the infected living being but can be treated to some extent partially. Symptoms of herpes simplex virus infection include watery blisters in the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, nose, or genitals. As neurotropic and neuroinvasive viruses, HSV-1 and -2 persist in the body by becoming latent and hiding from the immune system in the cell bodies of neurons. After the initial or primary infection, some infected people experience sporadic episodes of viral reactivation or outbreaks. In an outbreak, the virus in a nerve cell becomes active and is transported via the neuron's axon to the skin, where virus replication and shedding occur and cause new sores. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.
- Track 13-1Biotechnology in Plant Viral Diseases
- Track 13-2Wheat and Rice Viruses
- Track 13-3Vegetable Viruses
- Track 13-4Tobacco Viruses (TMV)
- Track 13-5Grape Wine Leaf Roll Disease
Viruses are also known to induce cancer in humans. The viruses that cause cancer are termed as oncovirus. Many of these viral oncogenes have been discovered and identified to cause cancer. The main viruses associated with human cancers are human papillomavirus, hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus, Epstein-Barr virus, human T-lymphotropic virus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and Merkel cell polyomavirus.
- Track 14-1Rhabdoviruses
- Track 14-2Bluetongue Virus
- Track 14-3Flaviviruses
- Track 14-4Toroviruses
- Track 14-5Circoviruses
- Track 14-6Arteriviruses
- Track 14-7Paramyxoviruses
- Track 14-8Influenza
- Track 14-9Herpesviruses
- Track 14-10Parvovirus
- Track 14-11Foot & Mouth Disease Virus
- Track 14-12Avian Influenza
- Track 14-13Retroviruses
- Track 14-14Swine Influenza
- Track 14-15African Swine Fever Virus
- Track 14-16Coronaviruses