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12th World Congress on Virology

Baltimore, USA

Nickolai Nossik

Nickolai Nossik

The D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Russia

Title: Resistance of DNA and RNA viruses to UV radiation

Biography

Biography: Nickolai Nossik

Abstract

The inactivation of different kind of pathogens by UV radiation is known for long time and widely used. Due to wide variety of viruses (by structure, size, envelope) their sensitivity to UV radiation is quite different and not quite predictable. DNA viruses (adenovirus, type 5, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), type 1) and RNA viruses (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), type 1, poliovirus, type 1, Sabin strain) were obtained from State collection of viruses (the D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology). The source of UV radiation was a 15 watt low pressure mercury vapor lamp (254 nm over 60%). The samples were placed 0.3 m direct under the UV lamp flow. The dose of inactivation D (Jm2) 90.0% - 99.99% was estimated. It was shown that poliovirus and Herpes simplex virus were not very resistant to UV radiation (D99.99 =128.7 Jm2 for poliovirus and 193.0 Jm2 for HSV). Adenovirus was much more resistant and kinetics of inactivation was different (D99.99=772.0 Jm2). HIV was most resistant to UV radiation among the studied viruses. It takes more than 4hrs to inactivate virus onto surface (D99.9 > 1500 J/m2). The results of the study indicate that there is no direct connection between sensitivity to UV light and the size of the virion or presenceabsence of the envelope. The diverse resistance of the different viruses to UV radiation should be taken into account, when UV light is used to inactivate infectious viruses in hospitals and other public environments