8th World Congress on Virology
San Antonio, USA
University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Title: The effectiveness of education intervention program for improving knowledge, attitude and practice related to hepatitis-B infection among non-medical and non-veterinary undergraduate university student in northern Nigeria: A randomized control community trial
Biography: Yakubu Hussaini Anka
Background & Aim: The endemicity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is leveling off in Sub-Saharan Africa; it remains at an unacceptable high level (≥8% to <2%) with global prevalence of 3.61%. The present study assessed the effectiveness of a peer-led HBV prevention education intervention in Usman Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria on youth’s HBV-related knowledge, attitude and practices.
Methods: In a peer-led single blind randomized controlled community trial conducted between April and December 2015. 390 students were selected and randomized into the intervention and control arms, each arm with 195 respondents; five out of 12 faculties were selected using multi-staged random sampling. Four surveys were conducted (baseline, immediately, three and six months using self-administered questionnaire. Analysis of data was conducted using SPSS version 22.
Results: The overall response rate during the four survey were 100%, 99.4%, 98.9% and 98.4% for intervention group and 100%, 100%, 99.4% and 98.9% for the control arm respectively. Hepatitis B-related knowledge, attitude and practices of the respondents were statistically significant between the intervention and the control arms at immediately, three and six month’s follow-up assessment with no statistical significant difference at baseline assessment (knowledge 14.3%, 66.95% and 62.7%, HBV-related attitude 23.56%, 40.68% and 46.12% and HBV-related preventive practices 26.14%, 36.53% and 11.9%).
Conclusions: It is evident from the study that education intervention program is effective on HBV-related knowledge, attitude and preventive practice among the undergraduate non-medical and non-veterinary university students of Usman Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.