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10th International Virology Summit

Vienna, Austria

Remziye Nalcacioglu

Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey

Title: Chilo iridescent virus (CIV) encodes two functional metalloproteases

Biography

Biography: Remziye Nalcacioglu

Abstract

The genome of Chilo iridescent virus (CIV) has two open reading frames (ORFs) with matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) domains. The proteins encoded by 136R and 165R ORFs contain 178 amino acids with over 40% amino acid sequence identity to hypothetical metallopeptidases of other viruses and 264 amino acids with over 40% amino acid sequence identity to metallopeptidases of a large group of organisms including primarily variety of Drosophila species, respectively. These proteins possess conserved zinc-binding motifs in their catalytic domains. In this study, we focused on the functional analysis of these ORFs. These ORFs were cloned into the Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression-vector system, expressed in insect Sf9 cells with an N-terminal His tag and purified after 96 hours post infection to homogeneity by using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. Western blot analyses of purified 136R and 165R proteins with histidine tags resulted in 24 and 34 kDa protein bands, respectively. Biochemical assays with the purified proteins, performed using dye-impregnated collagen (Azocoll) and Azo-casein as substrates, showed that both proteins have protease activity. The enzymatic activities were inhibited by metalloproteinase inhibitor EDTA. Effects of these proteins were also investigated on Galleria mellonella larvae. Insecticidal activities were carried out by injecting the larvae with the AcMNPV carrying 136R and 165R ORFs. Results showed that the baculoviruses harboring the iridoviral metallopeptidases caused early death of the larvae compared to control group which was performed with only wild type AcMNPV.  All these data suggest that the CIV 136R and 165R ORFs encode functional metalloproteinases which can be utilized in biological control of lepidopteran pests.