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13thWorld Congress on Virology and Infectious Diseases, will be organized around the theme “Latest and Advanced Therapeutic Approaches of Virology ”

Virology Asia 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Virology Asia 2020

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Viruses are small obligate intracellular parasites, which contain either RNA or DNA as genetic material surrounded by a protective, virus-coded protein coat. Viruses may be viewed as mobile genetic elements, most probably of cellular origin and characterized by a long co-evolution of virus and host.

The classification of viruses is mainly dependent on their morphological, biochemical characters and mode of replication. Some viruses have helical structures while the others are Spherical, some have DNA as genetic material while others have RNA this variety in genetic material demand for different replication strategies.

A virus is an infectious, parasitic agent which will solely replicate within different .A fully replicated virus is called virion and it contains two main components, nucleic acid and a protein coat which is capsid. The proteins of the capsid are encoded by the viral genome. The capsid protects the genetic material and helps the virus to attach to the surface of the specific target receptor of the host.

On a molecular level, the study of viruses is known as Molecular Virology. Viruses have large biological diversity as it successfully infects and parasitizes plants animals and microorganisms. They can effectively contaminate and parasitize a wide range of life structures from microorganisms to plants and animals and therefore viruses have more biological diversities than bacterial, plant, and creature kingdoms combined. Studying these differences is the key to a better understanding of how infections interact with their hosts, duplicate inside them, and cause diseases.

Neurovirology mainly focuses on the viruses which infect the nervous system and to trace the neuroanatomical pathway by using viruses for gene therapy and to eliminate the harmful populations of neural cells. Viruses infect the Nervous system because Neurons lack molecules which are necessary to present viral cells on the surface to killer cell and provides a safe house for the viruses to replicate. Viruses can persist for the host’s lifetime if once it gets into the host's neuron.

 

Recently one of the most common viral infections are the respiratory tract infections. Respiratory tract infections are including with the infection of sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. The respiratory tract infections (RTI) are generally classified in tow subdivisions as Upper Respiratory tract infections (URTI) and Lower Respiratory tract infections (LRTI). The viruses which are associated with respiratory disorders these are adenovirus, Para influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, coronavirus, Coxsackie virus, human metapneumovirus.

 

 

Infections that are prepared to do specifically or in a roundabout way actuating tumor arrangement. Coordinate tumor development may come about because of vaccination of living cells with tumorigenic infections. Tumor development may come because of the impact of the infection on typical cells that are changed into cells. Viruses play a role in the development of cancer due to genetic changes. The viruses and cancer are known as tumor viruses or oncogenic viruses. The frequency of human cancer can be reduced vaccinating against the viruses or therapeutically by testing the infection.

 

An oncolytic virology is the study of virus that infects and kills cancer cells. They release new infectious virus particles or virions to help destroy a remaining tumor as the infected cancer cells are destroyed by oncolysis.

 

Agriculture and Plant virology deals with the cyclic development of viral diseases within plant. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is a positive-sense single stranded RNA virus that infects a wide range of plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae. Transgenic plants are genetically modified using recombinant DNA technique to create plants with new characteristics. Cucumber mosaic virus are the plant pathogenic virus that occurs in cucumber and tomato plant.

Veterinary virology is the branch of veterinary medicine. It is the study of viruses effecting animals is be they are wild or tamed animals. Research in virology and veterinary virology studies the pathogenicity, diagnostic, identification, epidemiology and immune responses to a range of viral pathogens. For example Japanese Encephalitis virus, HIV, respiratory syncytial virus. Pestivirus infect only mammals, including members of the family Bovidae (cattle, sheep and goats) and the family Suidae (species of swine)Techniques used include diagnostic identification methods, flow cytometry, ELISA, epidemiology, PCR and transcriptomic and genomic technologies, including metagenomics, resequencing and genotyping cell separation, proteomics, and infection models.

Fungi are everywhere. There are approximately 1.5 million different species of fungi on Earth, but only about 300 of those are known to make people sick. Fungal diseases are often caused by fungi that are common in the environment. Most fungi are not dangerous, but some types can be harmful to health.  viruses that infect fungi are called Mycoviruses.These Mycoviruses generally have double-stranded RNA genomes and isometric particles, but around 30% of these viruses have positive sense and single-stranded RNA genomes, so they are true Mycoviruses that they must have an capability to be transmitted.The host interaction in insect viruses has contributed greatly to molecular, cell and organismal microbiology. The high yields of virus particles or virus encoded macromolecules, from the infected insects are significant for some genetically operated experimental procedures.

Diagnosis of any probable viral infection with the help of various tests such as specific, assorted or conventional tests to identify the causative virus comes under clinical virology. Multiple methods are in use for laboratory diagnosis in probing the viral infections, including serology, viral culture, antigen detection, and nucleic acid detection. Most of the methods used to detect any probable viral infection or differentiate among different pathogens. This field provides specific recommendations for diagnostic approach to clinically important viral infections.

 

saliva for antibodies to the virus. HIV/AIDS, clinical trials are research studies done to have a better approach, distinguish, to treat HIV/AIDS. Clinical trials are the predominant way to determine if new medical approaches to HIV/AIDS are safe and effective in people.

It is the fundamental branch of science that deals with all kinds of Microorganisms. Pure Microbiology provides a broad platform of a large plethora of research and plenty of new insights into different areas of Microbiology. Different branches of Microbiology include mycology, Virology, Immunology, infectious diseases, bacteriology, nematology, parasitology, etc., the antibiotics are the agents used against pathogenic bacteria, either orally or paternal

 

Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Both types of infections are caused by microbes - bacteria and viruses, respectively  and spread by things such as Coughing and sneezing, Contact with infected people, Contact with contaminated surfaces, food, and water, Contact with infected creatures, including pets, livestock, and insects such as fleas and ticks.

 

 

A parasitic disease, also known as parasitosis, is an infectious disease caused or transmitted by a parasite. Many parasites do not cause diseases. Parasitic diseases can affect practically all living organisms, including plants and mammals. The study of parasitic diseases is called parasitology. Some parasites like Toxoplasma gondii and Plasmodium spp. can cause disease directly, but other organisms can cause disease by the toxins that they produce.

 

Vaccines have been among the most effective health approach for protecting the individual against viral disease, with two of worlds successful vaccine being against small pox and poliovirus. A viral vaccine is a combination of inactivated viruses and activated viruses. Inactivated or killed viral vaccines contain viruses, they do not have ability to replicate and to bring about a response it contains an antigen. Activated or live vaccines contain the live form of the virus. Currently, Virus like particles organizes a new vaccine concept. Such particles consist of self-assembled structural proteins from the virus which can elicit an immune response but as they lack the genetic material from the virus are safer vaccines

 

Recently many researches and experiments are going on antiviral agents and their developed to act against the viruses and to prevent viral diseases. Naturally most of the antivirals are used for specific viral infections, where a broad-spectrum antiviral is effective against a wide range of viruses. Some antibiotics, antiviral drugs do not destroy their target pathogen instead they inhibit their development. Sometime antiviral drugs may be toxic to human cells and viruses can also develop resistance to antiviral drugs. Some other antiviral drugs strengthen the immune response to the viral infection.

 

Recently many researches and experiments are going on antiviral agents and their developed to act against the viruses and to prevent viral diseases. Naturally most of the antivirals are used for specific viral infections, where a broad-spectrum antiviral is effective against a wide range of viruses. Some antibiotics, antiviral drugs do not destroy their target pathogen instead they inhibit their development. Sometime antiviral drugs may be toxic to human cells and viruses can also develop resistance to antiviral drugs. Some other antiviral drugs strengthen the immune response to the viral infection.