11th World Congress on Virology and Infectious Diseases
D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology ,Russia
Title: Inactivation Kinetics of DNA- and RNA- Viruses by Ozone-air Mixture in a flow mixer
Biography: Nikolai Nosik
Virucidal activity of ozone is well known: dissolved in water it kill viruses very fast. The virucidal capacity of ozone in ozone-air mixture is less known. The goal of the study was to investigate the virucidal potentials of the ozone–air mixture and kinetics of virus inactivation.
Materials and methods-Ozone (O3 ) was generated from oxygen with ozonizer ( 1.0 – 75.0 mgl). The ozone concentration was determined by the spectrophotometric methods. Virus contaminated samples were placed into the flowing reactor. Viruses: poliovirus type 1, vaccine strain (Sabin) and adenovirus, type 5, were obtained from the State virus collection. Titrations of viruses were carried out in appropriate cell cultures. CxT value ( mgl x min) was calculated.
Results-Metallic, polycarbonic and fiber “Kevlar” samples were contaminated with virus, dried and treated with ozone-air mixture in the flowing reactor. Kinetics of poliovirus inactivation: in 15 min at 5.0 mgl -2.0 lg TCID50 inhibition , in 15 min at 10 mgl – 2.5 lg TCID50 , 4.0 lg TCID50 inactivation of poliovirus was achieved after 75min at ozone concentration 20.0mgl (99.99%). ( CxT = 75, 150 and 1500 mgl x min on all three types of surfaces). It was found that the inactivation of poliovirus was more effective when the virus contaminated samples were wet (in 15 min at 20mgl inhibition of virus in dry samples was 2.0 TCID50 , in wet samples – 4.0 TCID50). Adenovirus was less resistant to ozone treatment then poliovirus: 4.0 lg TCID50 inhibition was observed after 30 min of the treatment with ozone at 20mgl ( CxT mgl x,min = 300 for adenovirus as for poliovirus it was 1500).
Conclusion-It was found that ozone-air mixture inactivates viruses at rather high concentrations (compared to the reported effect of ozone dissolved in water). Despite of that there is a difference in the resistance to ozone action between viruses – poliovirus is more resistant then adenovirus - ozone-air mixture can be used for disinfection of large rooms. The maintaining of the virus contaminated surfaces in wet condition allow to decrease the ozone load for virus inactivation.