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10th World Congress on Virology and Mycology

Singapore City, singapore

Ganesh Shanmugasundaram Anusuya

Ganesh Shanmugasundaram Anusuya

Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India

Title: Epidemiology and prevention of HIV/AIDS: An update on recent advances in HIV prevention strategies

Biography

Biography: Ganesh Shanmugasundaram Anusuya

Abstract

Statement of the Problem : Since the beginning of the epidemic more than 70 million people have been infected with HIV/AIDS .Nearly 35 million people have died of HIV/AIDS. The global adult prevalence of HIV is 0.8%(0.7-0.9). Sub Saharan Africa remains most severely affected , with one in every 25 adults (4.4% ) living with HIV .The adult prevalence of HIV in India is 0.3% .

Discussion : Globally and in India the AIDS Control Programmes have identified many preventive strategies and have also successfully implemented it in the past . The current challenges are preventing HIV in  sero discordant couples , intravenous venous drug abusers , adolescent vulnerable populations and migrant truck drivers. Currently, pre exposure prophylaxis  is available in the USA , South Africa, Kenya , Canada , France , Israel and in Peru. The current concept of combination prevention includes biomedical interventions , behavioural interventions and structural interventions . Some of the prevention projects in India are project pechan , avahan , sonaguchi , kavach , link workers scheme and red ribbon express. Additional evidence based research is needed in India and globally to even more upgrade the  HIV prevention strategies in areas like pre exposure prophylaxis , cash transfer programmes to vulnerable adolescent young girls and  voluntary male circumcision .