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10th World Congress on Virology and Mycology, will be organized around the theme “New technologies and therapeutic approaches in virology and mycology”
Virology Asia 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Virology Asia 2017
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In the forecast period Asia-Pacific regions of the world are considered as the most promising markets. In Asia Pacific virology market is anticipated to grow at a relatively faster rate throughout the forecast period, remaining the presence of high unmet demand in India and China,. 50% share is held by the hospitals and laboratory segments in the global virology market and it is forecasted to continue through 2025.
Viruses are small foreign particles which causes replication only inside the living cells of other organisms. Virus affects all types of living organisms,including animals,plants & microorganisms, and lastly to bacterias. They acts as a media for transferring genes between different species.Viruses are classified into diferent types.
Generally virology deals with the study of infectious agents such as Virulence,Viruses, Viral Taxonomy, Viral Cultures and Genetics. It is a significant part of both microbiology and pathology. Virology is a part of applied sciences.
Viral evolution is the sub part of virology which is concerned in the evolution of viruses. It is an important aspect of sanitation of viral diseases. They are the largest reservoirs of unexplored genetic diversity on earth.
- Track 1-1Structure Based Virus Classification
- Track 1-2Virions,Satellites & Hypothesis for the Origin of Virus
- Track 1-3Replication Cycle and Application
- Track 1-4Viral Quasisspecies
- Track 1-5Error Threshold,Mutational Robustness & Cooperation
Viral Pathogenesis is the method of causing disease in their target hosts by biological viruses. Replication,dispersal and shedding are the mechanisms of action in viral pathogenesis.
Virulence is the ability of producing a disease by an infectious agent. It is a measurement of severity of a disease in an organism. Virulence factors are the molecules which gives contribution to the pathogenicity of the organism by colonization,immunosuppression,immunoevasion by pathogens.
Viral latency is the ability of the pathogenic virus to remain latent within the cell by the following mechanism of action such as: episomal latency,proviral latency and maintaining latency.
- Track 2-1Mechanisms of Viral Pathogenesis
- Track 2-2Virulence Factors
- Track 2-3Mechanisms of action in Viral Latency
- Track 2-4Endotoxins and Exotoxins
- Track 2-5Destructive Enzymes
- Track 2-6Ramification
On a molecular level the study of viruses are known as Molecular virology. Viruses have large biological diversity as it successfully infect and parasitize plants animals and microorganisms.
Genomic virology deals with the genomes of virus which contains all genes required for the replication of viruses like all other genomes. The genes encoded here are either single stranded or double stranded on either DNA or RNA polymers.
- Track 3-1Types of Viral Genomes
- Track 3-2Types of Viral Spread
- Track 3-3Capsid Type
- Track 3-4Baltimore Classification
- Track 3-5Viral Infections
- Track 3-6Chemotherapeutic Index of an Antiviral Drug
Vaccines are the biological preparations which provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine can be prophylactic that is preventive healthcare or therapeutic that is pharmaceutical drug.There are some types of vaccine which are being followed till now such as live whole virus vaccines,killed whole virus vaccines,purified or recombinant viral antigen,recombinant virus vaccines,DNA vaccines,anti-idiotype antibodies. Antiviral drugs are the class of medications used for the treatment in viral infections specifically. Acyclovir,cidofovir,delaviridine,entecavir,famciclovir,ribavirin and zidovudine are some antiviral drugs. Antiretroviral drugs are the class of drugs used in an attempt for the treatment of HIV infections. Monoclonal antibodies are the monospecific antibodies which are composed of identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.
- Track 4-1Preventive Health and Pharmaceutical Drug
- Track 4-2Types of Vaccines
- Track 4-3Classification of Antiviral Drugs
- Track 4-4Antiretroviral Drugs,Treatment and Adverse Effects
- Track 4-5Monoclonal Antibodies and its applications
- Track 4-6Hybridoma Development
- Track 4-7HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxsis
Viro therapy or viral therapy is a treatment to convert tissues into therapeutic agents by reprogramming viruses using biotechnology technique to treat diseases. Main branches of viro therapy are as follows: anticancer oncolytic viruses,viral vectors for gene therapy and viral immunotherapy. Virosomes are the drugs or vaccine delivery mechanism comprises of either mono or bilayer vesicle incorporating virus derived proteins which allows the virosomes to fuse with the target cells. They are not able to replicate.
Viral vectors are tools to deliver genetic matireal into cells used by the molecular biologists.Safety,low toxicity,stability,cell type specificity,identification are the key properties of a viral vector. Viral transformation is the process of change in the phenotype or indefinite reproduction of cells,growth by the introduction of inhertible matireal.
- Track 5-1Branches of Viral Therapy
- Track 5-2Virosomes,Influenza and Non Influenza Virosomes
- Track 5-3Key Properties of Viral Vector
- Track 5-4Viral Transformation
- Track 5-5Types and Cellular Affects of Viral Infection.
- Track 5-6Medical Applications
- Track 5-7Types of Viral Vectors
- Track 5-8Gene Therapy,Immunotherapy,Protozoal Virotherapy
Viral replication is a process of formation of biological viruses in the target host cells during the infection process. Adsorption,penetration,viral genome replication,assembly,maturation and release are the major steps involved in viral replication. David Baltimore, a nobel prize winner in biology has created Baltimore classification system. Ribosomal frame shifiting is an alternative translation of mrna sequence by changing the open reading frame. Reverse transcriptase are the enzymes that are encoded and used by reverse transcribing viruses which is used in the viral replication process.
- Track 6-1Major Steps in Viral Replication Process
- Track 6-2Baltimore Classification System
- Track 6-3Ribosomal Frame Shifting
- Track 6-4Reverse Transcriptase
- Track 6-5Reverse Transcribing Virus
- Track 6-6Retroviral Reverse Transcription
- Track 6-7Replication Fidelity
Herpes simplex virus are those kind of virus which spreads when an infected person produces and sheds the virus. They are contagious and ubiquitous. Watery blisters in the skin or mucous membrane of the mouth lips and genitals are the symptoms of herpes simplex virus. Two types of herpes virus are HSV 1 and HSV 2. Alzheimer’s disease occurs when HSV 1 damages the nervous system. The virus interacts with the components and receptors of lipoproteins which leads to alzheimer’s disease. Multiplicity reactivation is the process by which viral genomes forms a viable viral genome containing inactivating damage interacted with an infected cell.
- Track 7-1Types of Herpes Simplex Virus
- Track 7-2Alzeheimer’s Disease
- Track 7-3Multiplicity Reactivation
- Track 7-4Applications of Herpes Simplex Virus
- Track 7-5Virology in Herpes Simplex Virus
Neuro virology deals with the study of viruses which affects the nervous system. Neurotropic virus is a virus capable of infecting the nerve cells. Herpes simplex encephalitis is a viral infection that affects the central nervous system. Mollaret’s meningitis is a chronic inflammation of the protective membranes known as meninges which covers the brain and spinal cord. In Neuroimaging CT-scans and MRI scans are beneficial to visualize inflammation and lesions caused by viral infection of the CNS. Serology is useful in diagonizing viral infections of the CNS when the polymerase chain reaction analysis returns negative results.
- Track 8-1Neurotropic Virus
- Track 8-2Herpes Simplex Encephalitis
- Track 8-3Mollaret’s Meningitis
- Track 8-4Neuroimaging,Serology,Brain Biopsy
- Track 8-5Research and Therapy in Neurovirology
- Track 8-6Arbovirses causing neurological disorders
- Track 8-7Rabies virus: diagnosis, management and prevention
Sexually transmitted viral infections are the sexually transmitted disease that occurs by the means of viruses. It holds a crucial health prominence because of their overwhelming emotional,mental and physical impact in womans and infants. It is a veneral disease which typically transimits through some form of sexual contact but not necessarily only this mode of transmission. Some of the health implications of STD comprises of cervical cancer,infertility,pelvic inflammatory disease,perinatal and congenital infections. Most of the sexually transmitted disease are curable and can be treated but herpes,hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS & HPV are not curable.
- Track 9-1Causes of Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections
- Track 9-2Pathophysiology of the disease
- Track 9-3Epidemology and Management
- Track 9-4Health Complications in Males and Females
- Track 9-5Countermeasures and Prevention
Oncogenic viruses are the kind of virus that causes cancer. DNA viruses such as HPV,Epstein-Barr virus, Human cytomegalo virus causes cancer. RNA Virus such as Retroviruses causes cancer. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus which is one of the retrovirus that causes AIDS in humans which leads cancers to thrive. Gag-Onc fusion protein is a fusion protein which plays a major role in development of cancer. Gag genes are the part of retroviruses which plays a role in the process of reverse transcription. Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Hodgkin’s disease is a kind of a lymphoma in which cancer originates from white blood cells. Radiation therapy,chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are the treatment methods for hodgkin’s disease. Adult T-cell Leukemia is a rare cancer that occurs in T-cell.Zidovudine,Pralatrexate and CHOP regimen(Cyclophosphamide-Hydroxydaunorubicin-Oncovin-Prednisolone) are the medications for the treatment of Adult T-cell Leukemia. Oncogenes are the group of genes that has a potential to cause cancer. In tumour cells oncogenes are mutated or expressed at higher levels. Mytogens,Receptor tyrosine Kinases,Regulatory GTPases are some of the oncogenes. In Carcinogenesis normal cells are being transformed into cancer cells.Characterized by uncontrolled cell division which results in formation of malignant mass. Oncolytic virus are the group of virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells. New castle disease virus,reovirus are preferentially used as oncolytic agents.
- Track 10-1Gag-Onc Fusion Protein
- Track 10-2Engineering Oncolytic Virus
- Track 10-3Oncolytic Behaviour Wild Type Virus
- Track 10-4Oncolytic Virus and Mechanism of action
- Track 10-5Tumour Supressor Gene,Multiple Mutations,Protooncogene,Non-Mutagenic Carcinogens
- Track 10-6Carcinogenesis,Cancer stem cell,Clonal Evolution
- Track 10-7Oncogenes and its classification
- Track 10-8Adult T-cell Leukemia and its medications
- Track 10-9Chemotherapy,Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation,Radiation Therapy
- Track 10-10Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
- Track 10-11HIV And its diagnosis
Viral respiratory infections are the kind of infections that occurs n the upper and lower respiratory tract. Viral respiratory infections are characterized by coughing, sneezing, runny nose, sore throat,fever,trouble breathing and headache. Bronchiolities, Common cold, Pneumonia,tonsillitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, flu,tuberculosis are some of the viral respiratory tract infections. VRT infections are caused by different types of viruses. It is spread from the mouth or nose through contact with mucous. Good hygienic practices which includes handwashing,covering the mouth and nose while coughing can prevent the spread of VRT infections. Ribavirin is used in the treatment of bronchiolitis. Zinc supplements and Vitamin C supplements are the medications for common cold. Amantadine and Zanamivir are the medications used in pneumonia. Rifabutin is used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
- Track 11-1Symptoms of VRI and Classification of Common Viral Respiratory Syndromes
- Track 11-2Common Cold,Pneumonia Causes,Diagnosis and Treatment
- Track 11-3Tuberculosis Causes ,Diagnosis, Treatment, Preventive Measures
- Track 11-4Causes of Viral Respiratory Infections
- Track 11-5Bronchiolities,Tonsilties Causes,Diagnosis and Treatment
- Track 11-6Influenza Vaccines: Latest Update
In general,Virology deals with virus-like agents and viruses. Their classification,structure,evolution, their way of infecting and exploiting cells for viral reproduction,viral diseases,isolation techniques and culturing them and also their application in therapy and research. The following are some current research works:
a. Cloning and rescue of the genome bombyx mori bidensovirus and characterization of a recombinant virus. In this Bombyxmori bidensovirus has a potential tool as an expression vector and in biological pest control.
b. Development and Evaluation of non-ribosomal random PCR and next generation sequencing based assay for detection and sequencing of hand,foot, and mouth disease pathogens. Across the Asia-Pacific region hand,foot and mouth disease has become a major public health problem which occurs due to enterovirus A71 and cocksackievirus A6.
c. Important role of N108 residue in binding of bovine-foamy virus transactivator Tas to viral prmoters. In this Bovine foamy virus enhances the viral gene transcription by binding to the long terminal repeat promoter and internal promoter.
d. Isolation of an imported subgenotype B5 strain of human enterovirus A71. In this Enterovirus A71 which is responsible for the outbreaks of hand,foot and mouth disease.
e. Differences in viral load among human respiratory syncytical virus genotypes in hospitalized children with severe acute respiratory infections. Here,It is a viral etiology of lower respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia,bronchiolitis.
- Track 12-1Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Viral Load,Genotype
- Track 12-2Human Enterovirus A71, Subgenotype B5 Importation
- Track 12-3Bovine Foamy Virus,Infectious Clone,BT-as Promoter
- Track 12-4Hand,Foot and Mouth Disease, Enterovirus A,Random PCR
- Track 12-5Bombyxmori Bidensovirus,Genome Clone,Linear Co-Transfection,Virus Rescue
- Track 12-6Automation in Virology
- Track 12-7Next Generation Sequencing
- Track 12-8Microarray Technology
- Track 12-9Syndromic approach in Virology
A serological diagnosis is prepared by detecting the rising titres of antibody or detection of IgM. By serological methods most of the common viral infections are diagonized. Western blot, Radioimmunoassay,Enzyme linked immunosorbet assay,Particle agglutination, Recombinant immunoblot assay are the newer techniques of serology. It is the main stay of viral diagnosis. Complement Fixation test, Virus Isolation,Electron microscopy, Haemagluttination inhibition test, Enzyme Linked Immuno Assay, IgG Antibody avidity ,Single radial haemolysis, ,Neutralization, , Immunoflurorescence Molecular methods are the commonly used viral serological methods used in the field of virology. ELISA was developed in 1970. Competitive,Sandwich and Antibody capture methods are the assay principles used in ElISA technique. In Haemagluttination inhibition test the main moto is to prevent haemogluttination caused by antibodies which goes against viral proteins.
- Track 13-1RIA and Immunosorbet Assay
- Track 13-2Elisa,Haemagluttination Inhibition Test,Neutralization,Complement Fixation Test
- Track 13-3Limitations of Serological Diagnosis
- Track 13-4Viral Genome Detection
- Track 13-5Electron Microscopy and Antigen Detection
- Track 13-6Virus Isolation, Single Radial Haemolysis
Viral Bioweapons are the viral living organisms which reproduce and replicates within their host victims. They are the biological toxins with an intention to kill humans,animals or plants. High infectivity, High virulence, Non-availabilty of vaccines and efficient delivery system are the main characteristics of a bioweapon. Ebola virus, Rift valley fever virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, Yellow fever virus are the viral agents used as bioweapons. Bioweapons also target fisheries,water based vegetations,target plants to destroy crops and defoliate vegetation in agriculture. Aerial spray tanks and cluster bombs are used as bioweapons for the treatment of wheat blast and rice blast disease. Bioherbicides and Mycoherbicides are used as bioweapons. Bioterrorism is the terrorism which involves the intentional release of biological agents such as viruses.
- Track 14-1Ebola Virus,Rift Valley Fever Virus
- Track 14-2Japanese Encephalitis
- Track 14-3Bioherbicides and Mycoherbicides
- Track 14-4Bioterrorism and Biosurvelliance
- Track 14-5Modern Bioweapon Operations
- Track 14-6Identification of Bioweapons and Genetic Warfare
Plant Virology and Agricultural virology deals with the cyclic development of plant virus disease within plant population in time and space. Transgenic plants are those which are genetically modified using recombinant DNA techniques to create plants with new characteritics. Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a transgenic plant. Brome mosaic virus a small icosahedral positive stranded RNA plant virus which is found where wheat and barley is grown. Tobacco-mosaic virus is a single stranded RNA virus that causes mottling and discolouration of tobacco leaves. Cucumber mosaic virus are the plant pathogenic virus that occurs in cucumber and tomato plants. Alfalfa mosaic virus is a phytopathogen that leads to yellow mosaics and necrosis on commercially important crops such as peas,lentils,clovers. Rice stripe virus is a RNA plant pathogen that infects plants such as wheat,corn and rice. Mycovirology is the study of viruses in which fungi is infected.
- Track 15-1Overview,Structure,Transmission of Plant Viruses
- Track 15-2Translation of Plant Viral Proteins
- Track 15-3Grapevine-Leaf Roll Associated Virus
- Track 15-4Bromomosaic,Tobacco Mosaic Virus
- Track 15-5Cucumber Mosaic,Alfalfa Mosaic Virus
- Track 15-6Rice Stripe,Fruit and Vegetable Virus
- Track 15-7Serological Methods in Plant Virology
- Track 15-8Mycovirology
Viral hepatitis is condition in which there is inflammation in the liver due to viral infection. Hepatitis A,B,C,D,E are the hepatotropic viruses. It forms the majority of clinical cases of viral hepatitis.Hepatitis A virus are found mainly in the less developing countries of the world. Hepatitis C is the most common cause of chronic hepatitis. Hepatitis A and E is caused due to consumption of food and water contaminated by the feces of the person infected. Bed rest and vaccination are the medications for Hepatitis A. Hepatitis B,C and D is caused due to puncture woods and contact with infectious body fluids. Antiviral drugs and Vaccinations are opted for this. Alfa interferon is used in the treatment of Hepatitis D. For Hepatitis E adequate rest,intake of enough nutrients,drink plenty of fluids and alcohol should be avoided.
- Track 16-1Types of Hepatitis and its Treatment
- Track 16-2Diagnosis and Pathophysiology of Hepatitis
- Track 16-3Symptoms,Complications and Preventive Measures of Hepatitis
- Track 16-4Etiology,Epidemology,Prognosis of Hepatitis
- Track 16-5Yellow Fever Virus
- Track 16-6Non hepatitis viral infections involving liver
Veterinary Virology or animal virology is the study of viruses dealing with animals only. It is a branch of veterinary medicine. Blue tongue virus are the kind of non-enveloped double stranded viruses which occurs in sheep,goat and cattle. West nile virus causes west nile fever which is a mosquito borne infection. Zoonotic diseases are those which are naturally transmissible to humans from vertebrate animals. Prion disease composed of the group of conditions that affects the nervous system in humans and animals. Mad cow’s disease affects the brains of the cattle that is infectious which occurs due to prions.
- Track 17-1Animal Viruses of Agricultural Importance
- Track 17-2Avian Viruses and Aquatic-Species Viruses
- Track 17-3Principles of animal Virology
- Track 17-4Host Virus Interactions,Pathogenesis and Prion Disease
- Track 17-5Classification of Animal Viruses
- Track 17-6West Nile Virus and Zoonoses Epidemology
- Track 17-7Mad Cow’s Disease
Viral diseases is one of the most paramount threats in aquaculture because of recent technologic advances and incrementing expertise in the aquatic veterinary field. whether the virus is considered endemic or exotic. In general, no approved or efficacious treatments subsist for viral diseases in aquaculture species. Channel catfish virus (CCV) disease is an acute, virulent herpesvirus infection of fry and fingerling channel catfish that can cause mortality of >80% at dihydrogen monoxide temperatures ≥25°C in diminutive fish (≤5 cm). No efficient treatment or vaccines subsist for these diseases and their control is thus by obviation of exordium and eradication by stamping-out in case of diseases outbreak. Due to close contact with circumventing dihydrogen monoxide the inter-dependence between wild and farmed fish and between individual fish farms the epidemiology in aquaculture is arduous. The prodigious majority of fish diseases are restricted to fish and pose no jeopardy to handlers or consumers.
- Track 18-1Koi Herpes Virus and Largemouth Bass Virus
- Track 18-2Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) and Megalocytiviruses
- Track 18-3Infectious haematopoietic necrosis virus and Viral Erythrocytic Necrosis (IHNV)
- Track 18-4Channel Catfish Virus Disease and Epizootic Hematopoietic Necrosis
- Track 18-5Viral Nervous Necrosis (Betanodaviruses) and Salmonid Alphaviruses
- Track 18-6Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis and Infectious Salmon Anaemia
- Track 18-7Diagnostics and Epidemology
Mycology is the division of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their utilization to humans as a source for tinder, medicine,food, and entheogens, as well as their hazards, such as poisoning or infection. The Mycology & Metabolic Diversity Research Center has constructed sizably voluminous microbial libraries consisting of more than 20,000 microbial isolates and 30,000 cultivated extracts. The diversity, unlikeness and ubiquitous nature of fungi inflated their status to the caliber of fifth kingdom and represent one of the three major metamorphic sections along with plants and animals. Fungi are placed in juxtaposition of arthropods and angiosperms in their richness. They are recognized to interact with plants,animals and microbes and lead mutualistic, symbiotic, saprophytic or pathogenic life.
- Track 19-1Mushroom Hunting
- Track 19-2Mycotoxicology
- Track 19-3Pathogenic Fungi
- Track 19-4Enzymes and their types
- Track 19-5Mode of Nutrition
- Track 19-6Source of Fungus
Mycotoxins are a kind of pharmacologically active mold metabolites produced in a strain-specific way. Mycotoxins can also be outlined as secondary metabolites produced by a wide variety of organisms categorized as fungi, including mushrooms, yeasts and molds. Probably, mycotoxins have no biochemical significance on fungal growth; they may have developed to cater a defense system against insects, microorganisms, nematodes, animals and humans. Mycoses are the best-known diseases of fungal diagnosis, but toxic secondary metabolites produced by saprophytic species are also an important health risk. The term mycotoxin is an artificial practice used to describe pharmacologically active mold metabolites defined by vertebrate toxicity. Mycotoxins usually enter the body via ingestion of contaminated foods, but retention of toxigenic spores and direct dermal contact are also important routes.
- Track 20-1Identification and Characterization of Mycotoxins
- Track 20-2Production and Types of Mycotoxins
- Track 20-3Mycoses and Mycotoxicoses
- Track 20-4Fumonisins,Alfatoxin and Citrinin
- Track 20-5Toxicology and Human Health
- Track 20-6Trichothecenes,Patulin and Ochratoxin
Fungal communities in flown timber acts as a model system to investigate how the history of fungal community assembly controls ecosystem Laboratory experiments that are being used to regulate whether the impacts of assembly history on environs work depend upon soil fertility and fungivory. To determine the relative consequentiality of assembly history contrary to the natural background of environmental variability the project will provide incipient ecological insights by exhibiting that historical information, though arduous to obtain in nature, can be essential for expounding ostensibly idiosyncratic variation in ecosystem functioning.
- Track 21-1Fungal Ecology
- Track 21-2Competition and Conservation of Fungi
- Track 21-3Role of Fungi in Ecosystem
- Track 21-4Mycelial and Fungus-Microbe Interaction
- Track 21-5Population Dynamics and Hyphal Interactions
- Track 21-6Advance Mycological Research
Medical mycology is a class of fungal infections. In immunocompromised hosts systemic fungal infections are customarily optically discerned. Systemic fungal infections lead to pulmonary infections. Fungal infections are customarily visually perceived on skin, nails, and hair. Mundane fungal infections are nail infections, Intertrigo, Thrush, and Pityriasis versicolor, Athlete’s foot, ring worm of the body, ring worm of the groin. Filamentous fungi are utilized by industry for manufacture of an immensely colossal variety of subsidiary products, all for the benefit of humankind. The products include metabolites, enzymes and pabulum. Fungal cells can grow at different environmental conditions and diversity. The chemical and physical circumstances utilized for fungal propagation which depends up on fungal genetics and biology will have a great impingement on the potential of these cells to accumulate the desired products. Fungi have high paramountcy in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical production units due to the diverse bioactive metabolites engendered by these organisms. Bioactive fungal metabolites have vigorously influenced the development of the modern pharmaceutical and agrochemical units. Mevinolin, β-lactam antibiotics, cyclosporine A, pneumocandins, ergotamine, strobilurins, and mycophenolic acid are some of the revolutionary pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals that have a fungal inchoation. The industrial revelation of bioactive fungal metabolites is an involute, integrated, but scarcely empirical process. However, recent advances in genomics, genetics of microbial secondary metabolite biosynthesis and metabolic engineering will play an ever-incrementing role in facilitating fungal bioactive metabolites revelation.
- Track 22-1Fungal Diseases in Humans,Neonatals and Paediatrics
- Track 22-2Antifungal Susceptibility and Resistance
- Track 22-3Vaccinology for the Prevention of Fungal Infections
- Track 22-4Mycopathology
- Track 22-5Mycoproteins,Mycodiesel,Antibiotics and Vitamins
- Track 22-6Fungi in Food,Beverages Baking Industry and Waste Treatment
- Track 22-7Fermentation and Advancement in Industrial Mycology
- Track 22-8Biomass
The presence of fungi in aliment has been both advantage and quandaries to victuals stores. Fungi can spoil immensely colossal quantities of victuals and engender perilous toxins that threaten human health; however, fungal spoilage in certain foods can engender a unique, highly prized aliment source and there are some very efficacious fungal derived medicines. An exhaustive understanding of the astronomical body of cognizance relating to victuals mycology requires an inclusive volume that covers both the salutary and detrimental roles of fungi in our aliment supply. These include victuals groups such as dairy products, bakery products, beverages (e.g. fruit juices), dried fruits and nuts, and confectionary. Fungi can present health risks by the engenderment of categorical toxic agents called mycotoxins, which are often poorly accepted, but are being progressively accepted as agents of both acute and chronic toxicity in humans and animals. This engenders an opportunity in research towards the fungi and yeasts, and the quandaries they can cause in foods, in terms of adulteration and health effects. It will present a balanced view of the consequentiality of these agents in the context of the modern aliment industry.
Veterinary mycology is a branch deals with identification of veterinary fungi, pharmacodynamics of antifungals in animals, pathophysiology and diagnosis of fungal infections, eradication and vaccine development against invasive veterinary fungal infections and epidemiology of animal mycoses.
- Track 23-1Mycotoxin Production in Foods
- Track 23-2Food Ecology,Enumeration and Identification of Fungi in Foods.
- Track 23-3Fungal Development
- Track 23-4Fungal Zoonoses
- Track 23-5Pathophysiology of Fungal Disease
- Track 23-6Veterinary Pathogenic Fungi and Animal Mycoses
- Track 23-7Antifungals in Animals
Mycobacteria is responsible for paramount morbidity and mortality in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts which causes acute infections and leads to death . Both Mycobacterium avium intricate and Mycobacterium abscessus is a source of diverse range of infections that need to be encountered and identified correctly to avail in clinical decision making. Various open detection methods for Aspergillus,Candida and Malassezia, Paracoccidioidomycosis and Penicilliosis are available. Direct microscopic examination of clinical specimens represents concrete information on the culturing and incubation of cultures for the optimal instauration of fungi and methods for identification of fungi.
The mushroom is a fleshy fruit and spore bearing body of a fungus, which grows above ground on soil or on organic pabulum source. Spore is the most paramount microscopic feature for identification of mushrooms. Most of the mushrooms are basidiomycetes and gilled. Basidiospores, are engendered on the gills and fall in a fine rain of powder under the caps. Mushrooms are the fruit bodies of members of the order agaricales. Mushrooms have more uses in modern culinary cuisine than any other aliment crop. Mushroom cultivation is carried out indoor in any room, shed, basement, garage, etc. This should be well ventilated. Paddy straw mushroom can be grown outside in shady places additionally.
- Track 24-1Etymology,Identification,Classification and Morphology of Mushrooms
- Track 24-2Edible,Toxic and Medicinal Mushrooms
- Track 24-3Psychoactive Mushrooms and Mushroom Production
- Track 24-4Epidemology and Phylogeny of Fungal Pathogens
- Track 24-5Terminologies of Clinical Mycology
- Track 24-6Direct Identification of Mycological Species
Viral haemorrhagic pyrexia or fever (VHFs) are a group of febrile illnesses caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. These highly infectious viruses lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by pyrexia, malaise, regurgitating, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, oedema, and hypotension. Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Rhabdoviridae are the families that cause haemorrhagic pyrexia. The viruses that cause VHF are distributed over much of the globe. Each virus is associated with 1 or more vector species or nonhuman host, which restricts the virus and hence the initial contamination to the areas are inhabited by these species. The diseases caused by these viruses are visually perceived in people living in or having visited these areas. For these enzootic diseases humans are incidental hosts; however, person-to-person transmission of some viruses can result in sizably voluminous human outbreaks.Viral haemorrhagic pyrexia or fever (VHFs) are a group of febrile illnesses caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. These highly infectious viruses lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by pyrexia, malaise, regurgitating, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, oedema, and hypotension. Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Rhabdoviridae are the families that cause haemorrhagic pyrexia. The viruses that cause VHF are distributed over much of the globe. Each virus is associated with 1 or more vector species or nonhuman host, which restricts the virus and hence the initial contamination to the areas are inhabited by these species. The diseases caused by these viruses are visually perceived in people living in or having visited these areas. For these enzootic diseases humans are incidental hosts; however, person-to-person transmission of some viruses can result in sizably voluminous human outbreaks.
- Track 25-1Symptoms and laboratory findings of VHF
- Track 25-2Differential diagnosis of VHF
- Track 25-3Management and Prevention of VHF
After transplantation strategies to control viral infections includes antiviral drug therapy and reduction in immunosuppression, which sanctions for development of pathogen-categorical immunity to the aggressive virus. Aversion of viral infections is of the ultimate consequentiality, and this may be accomplished through vaccination, antiviral strategies and infection control measures.
- Track 26-1Causes of early, intermediate and late viral infections in transplant recipients
- Track 26-2Monitoring of viral infections in donor and recipients
- Track 26-3Prevention of viral infections in transplant recipients