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13th World Congress on Virology and Mycology, will be organized around the theme “A voyage to explore in virology and mycology”

Virology Asia Pacific 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Virology Asia Pacific 2018

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In the forecast period Asia-Pacific regions of the world are considered as the most promising markets. In Asia Pacific virology market is anticipated to grow at a relatively faster rate throughout the forecast period, remaining the presence of high unmet demand in India and China, 50% share is held by the hospitals and laboratory segments in the global virology market and it is forecasted to continue through 2025.

Viruses are small foreign particles which causes replication only inside the living cells of other organisms. Virus affects all types of living organisms, including animals, plants & microorganisms, and lastly to bacteria’s. They act as a media for transferring genes between different species. Viruses are classified into different types.

Generally virology deals with the study of infectious agents such as Virulence, Viruses, Viral TaxonomyViral Cultures and Genetics. It is a significant part of both microbiology and pathology. Virology is a part of applied sciences.

Viral Evolution is the sub part of virology which is concerned in the evolution of viruses. It is an important aspect of sanitation of viral diseases. They are the largest reservoirs of unexplored genetic diversity on earth. Viral Pathogenesis is the method of causing disease in their target hosts by biological viruses. Replication, dispersal and shedding are the mechanisms of action in viral pathogenesis.

Virulence is the ability of producing a disease by an infectious agent. It is a measurement of severity of a disease in an organism. Virulence factors are the molecules which gives contribution to the pathogenicity of the organism by colonization, immunosuppression, immune evasion by pathogens.

Viral Latency is the ability of the  pathogenic virus to remain latent within the cell by the following mechanism of action such as: episomal latency, proviral latency and maintaining latency.

  • Track 1-1Virus and Virology Classification
  • Track 1-2Viral Quasispecies
  • Track 1-3Viral Replication and Pathogenesis
  • Track 1-4Viral Latency and Virulence Factors
  • Track 1-5Endotoxins and Exotoxins
  • Track 1-6Destructive Enzymes and Ramification

On a molecular level the study of viruses are known as Molecular Virology. Viruses have large biological diversity as it successfully infect and parasitize plants animals and microorganisms.

Genomic Virology deals with the genomes of virus which contains all genes required for the replication of viruses like all other genomes. The genes encoded here are either single stranded or double stranded on either DNA or RNA polymers.

  • Track 2-1Viral Spread and Genomes
  • Track 2-2Capsid and Baltimore classification
  • Track 2-3Viral Infections
  • Track 2-4Chemotherapeutic Index of an Antiviral Drug

Vaccines are the biological preparations which provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine can be prophylactic that is preventive healthcare or therapeutic that is pharmaceutical drug. There are some types of vaccine which are being followed till now such as live whole virus vaccines, killed whole virus vaccines, purified or recombinant viral antigen, recombinant virus vaccines, DNA vaccines, anti-idiotype antibodies. 

Antiviral Drugs are the class of medications used for the treatment in viral infections specifically. Acyclovir, cidofovir, delaviridine, entecavir, famciclovir, ribavirin and zidovudine are some antiviral drugs. Antiretroviral drugs are the class of drugs used in an attempt for the treatment of HIV infections. Monoclonal antibodies are the mono specific antibodies which are composed of identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.

  • Track 3-1Preventive Health and Pharmaceutical Drug
  • Track 3-2Vaccines and its types
  • Track 3-3Classification of Antiviral Drugs
  • Track 3-4Antiretroviral Drugs,Treatment and Adverse Effects
  • Track 3-5Monoclonal Antibodies and its applications
  • Track 3-6Hybridoma Development
  • Track 3-7HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxsis

Neurovirology deals with the study of viruses which affects the nervous system. Neurotropic Virus is a virus capable of infecting the nerve cells. Herpes Simplex Encephalitis is a viral infection that affects the central nervous system. Mollarett’s Meningitis is a chronic inflammation of the protective membranes known as meninges which covers the brain and spinal cord. In Neuroimaging CT-scans and MRI scans are beneficial to visualize inflammation and lesions caused by viral infection of the CNS. Serology is useful in diagnosing viral infections of the CNS when the polymerase chain reaction analysis returns negative results.

  • Track 4-1Neurotropic Virus
  • Track 4-2Herpes Simplex Encephalitis
  • Track 4-3Mollaret’s Meningitis
  • Track 4-4Neuroimaging,Serology,Brain Biopsy
  • Track 4-5Research and Therapy in Neurovirology
  • Track 4-6Arbovirses causing neurological disorders
  • Track 4-7Rabies virus: diagnosis, management and prevention

The global infectious immunology market is forecast to reach $8.8 billion by 2017, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6% during the period 2010-2017. The hepatitis infections fragment developed at 7% and was esteemed at $2 billion in 2010.

Cell signaling is part of a complex system of communication that administers basic cellular activities and coordinates cell activities. A Neutralizing antibody is an antibody which safeguards a cell from an antigen or infectious body by inhibiting or neutralizing any effect it has biologically. Cell-mediated immunity is an immune response that does not involve antibodies, but rather involves the activation of phagocytes, antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, and the release of various cytokines in response to an antigen. Immunology is the branch of biomedical sciences that covers all aspects of the immune system in all multicellular organisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, and also parasitic organisms, such as helminth worms. Immunology intersects so many facets of health and disease.

  • Track 5-1Viral immune evasion
  • Track 5-2Receptors and signaling
  • Track 5-3Neutralizing antibodies
  • Track 5-4Adjuvants and cell-based immunity
  • Track 5-5Prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines

Viral Respiratory Infections are the kind of infections that occurs n the upper and lower respiratory tract. Viral respiratory infections are characterized by coughing, sneezing, runny nose, sore throat, fever, trouble breathing and headache. BronchiolitiesCommon cold, Pneumonia, tonsillitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, flu, tuberculosis are some of the viral respiratory tract infections. VRT infections are caused by different types of viruses. It is spread from the mouth or nose through contact with mucous. Good hygienic practices which includes handwashing, covering the mouth and nose while coughing can prevent the spread of VRT infections. Ribavirin is used in the treatment of bronchiolitis. Zinc supplements and Vitamin C supplements are the medications for common cold. Amantadine and Zanamivir are the medications used in pneumonia. Rifabutin is used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

  • Track 6-1Transplantation immunology and immunodeficiency
  • Track 6-2Transfusion Medicine
  • Track 6-3Clinical Pathology and its principles

Pediatric virology is not an isolated discipline. Rather, the syndromes associated with viral infection are modified by the unique characteristics of infancy and childhood. Fortunately for the paediatrician, and certainly for children, viral infections in childhood are rarely fatal, and are almost never serious. Future efforts of the pediatrician and virologist should be directed toward increased foetal salvage as with rubella and the prevention of severe, viral lower respiratory tract disease.

  • Track 7-1Respiratory Disease of Viral Etiology
  • Track 7-2Parainfluenza Viruses
  • Track 7-3Viral Respiratory Disease in Children
  • Track 7-4Viral Infections of the Foetus and Newborn

Sexually transmitted viral infections  are the sexually transmitted disease that occurs by the means of viruses. It holds a crucial health prominence because of their overwhelming emotional, mental and physical impact in womans and infants. It is a veneral disease which typically transimits through some form of sexual contact but not necessarily only this mode of transmission. Some of the health implications of STD comprises of cervical cancer, infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, perinatal and congenital infections. Most of the sexually transmitted disease are curable and can be treated but herpes, hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS & HPV are not curable.

  • Track 8-1Causes of Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections
  • Track 8-2Pathophysiology of the disease
  • Track 8-3Epidemology and Management
  • Track 8-4Health Complications in Males and Females
  • Track 8-5Countermeasures and Prevention

Oncogenic Virus are the kind of virus that causes cancer. DNA viruses such as HPV, Epstein-Barr virus, Human cytomegalo virus causes cancer. RNA Virus such as Retroviruses causes cancer. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus which is one of the retrovirus that causes AIDS in humans which leads cancers to thrive. Gag-Onc Fusion Protein is a fusion protein which plays a major role in development of cancer. Gag genes are the part of retroviruses which plays a role in the process of reverse transcription. Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Hodgkin’s disease is a kind of a lymphoma in which cancer originates from white blood cells. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation  are the treatment methods for hodgkin’s disease. Adult T-cell Leukemia is a rare cancer that occurs in T-cell. Zidovudine, Pralatrexate and CHOP regimen (Cyclophosphamide-Hydroxydaunorubicin-Oncovin-Prednisolone) are the medications for the treatment of Adult T-cell Leukemia. Oncogenes are the group of genes that has a potential to cause cancer. In tumour cells oncogenes are mutated or expressed at higher levels. Mytogens,Receptor tyrosine Kinases, Regulatory GTPases are some of the oncogenes. In Carcinogenesis  normal cells are being transformed into cancer cells. Characterized by uncontrolled cell division which results in formation of malignant mass. Oncolytic virus  are the group of virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells. New castle disease virus, reovirus are preferentially used as oncolytic agents.

  • Track 9-1HIV And its diagnosis
  • Track 9-2Oncogenes and its classification
  • Track 9-3Oncolytic Virus and Mechanism of action
  • Track 9-4Carcinogenesis and Engineering Oncolytic Virus
  • Track 9-5Gag-Onc Fusion Protein and Oncolytic Behaviour Wild Type Virus

Viral haemorrhagic pyrexia or fever (VHFs) are a group of febrile illnesses caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. These highly infectious viruses lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by pyrexia, malaise, regurgitating, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, oedema, and hypotension. Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Rhabdoviridae are the families that cause haemorrhagic pyrexia. The viruses that cause VHF are distributed over much of the globe. Each virus is associated with 1 or more vector species or nonhuman host, which restricts the virus and hence the initial contamination to the areas are inhabited by these species. The diseases caused by these viruses are visually perceived in people living in or having visited these areas. For these enzootic diseases humans are incidental hosts; however, person-to-person transmission of some viruses can result in sizably voluminous human outbreaks.Viral haemorrhagic pyrexia or fever (VHFs) are a group of febrile illnesses caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. These highly infectious viruses lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by pyrexia, malaise, regurgitating, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, oedema, and hypotension. Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Rhabdoviridae are the families that cause haemorrhagic pyrexia. The viruses that cause VHF are distributed over much of the globe. Each virus is associated with 1 or more vector species or nonhuman host, which restricts the virus and hence the initial contamination to the areas are inhabited by these species. The diseases caused by these viruses are visually perceived in people living in or having visited these areas. For these enzootic diseases humans are incidental hosts; however, person-to-person transmission of some viruses can result in sizably voluminous human outbreaks.

  • Track 10-1Symptoms and laboratory findings of VHF
  • Track 10-2Differential diagnosis of VHF
  • Track 10-3Management and Prevention of VHF

Agriculture and Plant virology deals with the cyclic development of plant virus disease within plant population in time and space. Transgenic Plants are those which are genetically modified using recombinant DNA techniques to create plants with new characteristics. Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a transgenic plant. Brome Mosaic Virus a small icosahedral positive stranded RNA plant virus which is found where wheat and barley is grown. Tobacco-mosaic virus is a single stranded RNA virus that causes mottling and discolouration of tobacco leaves. Cucumber mosaic virus are the plant pathogenic virus that occurs in cucumber and tomato plants. Alfalfa mosaic virus is a phytopathogen that leads to yellow mosaics and necrosis on commercially important crops such as peas, lentils, clovers. Rice Stripe Virus is a RNA plant pathogen that infects plants such as wheat, corn and rice. Mycovirology is the study of viruses in which fungi is infected.

  • Track 11-1Overview,Structure,Transmission of Plant Viruses
  • Track 11-2Translation of Plant Viral Proteins
  • Track 11-3Serological Methods in Plant Virology
  • Track 11-4Mycovirology
  • Track 11-5Plant virus epidemiology, ecology and evolution
  • Track 11-6Viral vector biology and transmission
  • Track 11-7Virus resistant plants and disease control
  • Track 11-8Plants virus-vector interactions

Veterinary Virology or animal virology  is the study of viruses dealing with animals only.  It is a branch of veterinary medicine. Blue Tongue Virus are the kind of  non-enveloped double stranded viruses which occurs in sheep, goat and cattle. West nile virus  causes west nile fever which is a mosquito borne infection. Zoonotic diseases are those which are naturally transmissible to humans from vertebrate animals. Prion disease composed of the group of conditions that affects the nervous system in humans and animals. Mad cow’s disease affects the brains of the cattle that is infectious which occurs due to prions.

  • Track 12-1Viral Molecular Diagnosis, Immunology and Vaccines development
  • Track 12-2Host-Virus Interactions and Pathogenesis and Prion Disease
  • Track 12-3Emerging Viruses and Zoonosis Epidemiology
  • Track 12-4Principles of animal virology
  • Track 12-5Animal Viruses of Agricultural Importance

Viral Hepatitis is condition in which there is inflammation in the liver due to viral infection. Hepatitis A,B,C,D,E are the hepatotropic viruses. It forms the majority of clinical cases of viral hepatitis. Hepatitis A virus are found mainly in the less developing countries of the world. Hepatitis C is the most common cause of chronic hepatitis. Hepatitis A and E is caused due to consumption of food and water contaminated by the feces of the person infected. Bed rest and vaccination are the medications for Hepatitis A. Hepatitis B,C and D is caused due to puncture woods and contact with infectious body fluids. Antiviral drugs and Vaccinations are opted for this. Alfa interferon is used in the treatment of Hepatitis D. For Hepatitis E adequate rest, intake of enough nutrients, drink plenty of fluids and alcohol should be avoided. HCV is spread primarily by blood-to-blood contact connected with intravenous drug use, inadequately cleaned therapeutic gear, and transfusions. Due to the widespread infection of HCV and demand for these enhanced treatments, multiple estimates forecast the global market for HCV treatment will reach $20 billion yearly before the decade's get over.

 

  • Track 13-1Hepatitis virology and immunology
  • Track 13-2Epidemiology hepatitis
  • Track 13-3Non hepatitis viral infections involving liver
  • Track 13-4Types of Hepatitis and its treatment
  • Track 13-5Diagnosis and Pathophysiology of Hepatitis

Viral diseases is one of the most paramount threats in aquaculture because of recent technologic advances and incrementing expertise in the aquatic veterinary field. whether the virus is considered endemic or exotic. In general, no approved or efficacious treatments subsist for viral diseases in aquaculture species. Channel Cattle Fish Virus disease is an acute, virulent herpes virus infection of fry and fingerling channel catfish that can cause mortality of >80% at dihydrogen monoxide temperatures ≥25°C in diminutive fish (≤5 cm). No efficient treatment or vaccines subsist for these diseases and their control is thus by obviation of exordium and eradication by stamping-out in case of diseases outbreak. Due to close contact with circumventing dihydrogen monoxide the inter-dependence between wild and farmed fish and between individual fish farms the epidemiology in aquaculture is arduous.  The prodigious majority of fish diseases are restricted to fish and pose no jeopardy to handlers or consumers.

  • Track 14-1Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) and Megalocytiviruses
  • Track 14-2Koi Herpes Virus and Largemouth Bass Virus
  • Track 14-3Viral Nervous Necrosis (Betanodaviruses) and Salmonid Alphaviruses
  • Track 14-4Diagnostics and Epidemology

Serological diagnosis is prepared by detecting the rising titres of antibody or detection of IgM. By serological methods most of the common viral infections are diagnosed. Western blot, Radioimmunoassay, Enzyme linked immunosorbet assay, Particle agglutination, Recombinant immunoblot assay are the newer techniques of serology. It is the main stay of viral diagnosis. Complement Fixation test, Virus Isolation, Electron microscopy, Haemagluttination inhibition test, Enzyme Linked Immuno Assay, IgG Antibody avidity, Single radial haemolysis, Neutralization, Immunofluorescence Molecular methods are the commonly used viral serological methods used in the field of virology. ELISA was developed in 1970. Competitive, Sandwich and Antibody capture methods are the assay principles used in ELISA technique. In Haemagluttination inhibition test the main motto is to prevent haemogluttination caused by antibodies which goes against viral proteins.

In general, Virology deals with virus-like agents and viruses. Their classification, structure, evolution, their way of infecting and exploiting cells for viral reproduction, viral diseases, isolation techniques and culturing them and also their application in therapy and research. The following are some current research works:

a.   Cloning and rescue of the genome bombyx mori bidensovirus and characterization of a recombinant virus. In this Bombyxmori bidensovirus  has a potential tool as an expression vector and in biological pest control.

b.   Development and Evaluation of non-ribosomal random PCR and next generation sequencing based assay for detection and sequencing of hand,foot, and mouth disease pathogens. Across the Asia-Pacific region hand,foot and mouth disease has become a major public health problem which occurs due to enterovirus A71 and cocksackievirus A6.

c.   Important role of N108 residue in binding of  bovine-foamy virus  transactivator Tas to viral prmoters. In this Bovine foamy virus enhances the viral gene transcription by binding to the long terminal repeat promoter and internal promoter.

d.   Isolation of an imported subgenotype B5 strain of human enterovirus A71. In this Enterovirus A71  which is responsible for the outbreaks of hand,foot and mouth disease.

e.   Differences in viral load among human respiratory syncytical virus genotypes in hospitalized children with severe acute respiratory infections. Here, it is a viral aetiology of lower respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, bronchiolitis.

  • Track 15-1Limitations of Serological Diagnosis
  • Track 15-2Viral Genome Detection
  • Track 15-3Automation and Syndromic approach in Virology
  • Track 15-4Next Generation Sequencing
  • Track 15-5Microarray Technology

Mycology is the division of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their utilization to humans as a source for tinder, medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their hazards, such as poisoning or infection. The Mycology & Metabolic Diversity Research Centre has constructed sizably voluminous microbial libraries consisting of more than 20,000 microbial isolates and 30,000 cultivated extracts. The diversity, unlikeness and ubiquitous nature of fungi inflated their status to the calibre of fifth kingdom and represent one of the three major metamorphic sections along with plants and animals. Fungi are placed in juxtaposition of arthopods and angiosperms in their richness. They are recognized to interact with plants, animals and microbes and lead mutualistic, symbiotic, saprophytic or pathogenic life.

  • Track 16-1Mushroom Hunting
  • Track 16-2Mycotoxicology
  • Track 16-3Pathogenic Fungi
  • Track 16-4Enzymes and their types
  • Track 16-5Mode of Nutrition
  • Track 16-6Source of Fungus

Mycotoxins are a kind of pharmacologically active mold metabolites produced in a strain-specific way. Mycotoxins can also be outlined as secondary metabolites produced by a wide variety of organisms categorized as fungi, including mushrooms, yeasts and molds. Probably, mycotoxins have no biochemical significance on fungal growth; they may have developed to cater a defense system against insects, microorganisms, nematodes, animals and humans. Mycoses are the best-known diseases of fungal diagnosis, but toxic secondary metabolites produced by saprophytic species are also an important health risk. The term mycotoxin is an artificial practice used to describe pharmacologically active mold metabolites defined by vertebrate toxicity. Mycotoxins usually enter the body via ingestion of contaminated foods, but retention of toxigenic spores and direct dermal contact are also important routes.

Mushroom is a fleshy fruit and spore bearing body of a fungus, which grows above ground on soil or on organic pabulum source. Spore is the most paramount microscopic feature for identification of mushrooms. Most of the mushrooms are basidiomycetes and gilled. Basidiospores, are engendered on the gills and fall in a fine rain of powder under the caps. Mushrooms are the fruit bodies of members of the order agaricales. Mushrooms have more uses in modern culinary cuisine than any other aliment crop. Mushroom cultivation is carried out indoor in any room, shed, basement, garage, etc. This should be well ventilated. Paddy straw mushroom can be grown outside in shady places additionally.

  • Track 17-1Identification and Characterization of Mycotoxins
  • Track 17-2Production and Types of Mycotoxins
  • Track 17-3Toxicology and Human Health
  • Track 17-4Mushrooms and its Classification
  • Track 17-5Direct Identification of Mycological Species
  • Track 17-6Mushroom Production and morphology

Fungal communities in flown timber acts as a model system to investigate how the history of fungal community assembly controls ecosystem Laboratory experiments that are being used to regulate whether the impacts of assembly history on environs work depend upon soil fertility and fungivory. To  determine the relative consequentiality of assembly history contrary to the natural background of environmental variability the project will provide incipient ecological insights by exhibiting that historical information, though arduous to obtain in nature, can be essential for expounding ostensibly idiosyncratic variation in ecosystem functioning. An antifungal medication is a pharmaceutical preparation which are used to treat and prevent mycoses.

  • Track 18-1Mycology and its classification
  • Track 18-2Antifungal drugs and its applications
  • Track 18-3Fungal Ecology and conservation
  • Track 18-4Role of Fungi in Ecosystem
  • Track 18-5Advance Mycological Research