CEO and Founder of Nanorx Inc USA
University of Toronto Canada
King Georges Medical University India
King George Medical University India
Recommended Global Microbiology Conferences
Virology Asia Pacific 2018
Track 2: Molecular and Genomic virology
On a molecular level the study of viruses are known as Molecular Virology. Viruses have large biological diversity as it successfully infect and parasitize plants animals and microorganisms.
Genomic Virology deals with the genomes of virus which contains all genes required for the replication of viruses like all other genomes. The genes encoded here are either single stranded or double stranded on either DNA or RNA polymers.
Track 3: Vaccines and Antiviral Drugs
Vaccines are the biological preparations which provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine can be prophylactic that is preventive healthcare or therapeutic that is pharmaceutical drug. There are some types of vaccine which are being followed till now such as live whole virus vaccines, killed whole virus vaccines, purified or recombinant viral antigen, recombinant virus vaccines, DNA vaccines, anti-idiotype antibodies.
Antiviral Drugs are the class of medications used for the treatment in viral infections specifically. Acyclovir, cidofovir, delaviridine, entecavir, famciclovir, ribavirin and zidovudine are some antiviral drugs. Antiretroviral drugs are the class of drugs used in an attempt for the treatment of HIV infections. Monoclonal antibodies are the mono specific antibodies which are composed of identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.
Track 4: Neurovirology
Neurovirology deals with the study of viruses which affects the nervous system. Neurotropic Virus is a virus capable of infecting the nerve cells. Herpes Simplex Encephalitis is a viral infection that affects the central nervous system. Mollarett’s Meningitis is a chronic inflammation of the protective membranes known as meninges which covers the brain and spinal cord. In Neuroimaging CT-scans and MRI scans are beneficial to visualize inflammation and lesions caused by viral infection of the CNS. Serology is useful in diagnosing viral infections of the CNS when the polymerase chain reaction analysis returns negative results.
Track 5: Viral Immunology
The global infectious immunology market is forecast to reach $8.8 billion by 2017, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6% during the period 2010-2017. The hepatitis infections fragment developed at 7% and was esteemed at $2 billion in 2010.
Cell signaling is part of a complex system of communication that administers basic cellular activities and coordinates cell activities. A Neutralizing antibody is an antibody which safeguards a cell from an antigen or infectious body by inhibiting or neutralizing any effect it has biologically. Cell-mediated immunity is an immune response that does not involve antibodies, but rather involves the activation of phagocytes, antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, and the release of various cytokines in response to an antigen. Immunology is the branch of biomedical sciences that covers all aspects of the immune system in all multicellular organisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, and also parasitic organisms, such as helminth worms. Immunology intersects so many facets of health and disease.
Viral Respiratory Infections are the kind of infections that occurs n the upper and lower respiratory tract. Viral respiratory infections are characterized by coughing, sneezing, runny nose, sore throat, fever, trouble breathing and headache. Bronchiolities, Common cold, Pneumonia, tonsillitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, flu, tuberculosis are some of the viral respiratory tract infections. VRT infections are caused by different types of viruses. It is spread from the mouth or nose through contact with mucous. Good hygienic practices which includes handwashing, covering the mouth and nose while coughing can prevent the spread of VRT infections. Ribavirin is used in the treatment of bronchiolitis. Zinc supplements and Vitamin C supplements are the medications for common cold. Amantadine and Zanamivir are the medications used in pneumonia. Rifabutin is used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
Track 7: Pediatric Virology
Pediatric virology is not an isolated discipline. Rather, the syndromes associated with viral infection are modified by the unique characteristics of infancy and childhood. Fortunately for the paediatrician, and certainly for children, viral infections in childhood are rarely fatal, and are almost never serious. Future efforts of the pediatrician and virologist should be directed toward increased foetal salvage as with rubella and the prevention of severe, viral lower respiratory tract disease.
Track 9: Oncogenic Viruses
Oncogenic Virus are the kind of virus that causes cancer. DNA viruses such as HPV, Epstein-Barr virus, Human cytomegalo virus causes cancer. RNA Virus such as Retroviruses causes cancer. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus which is one of the retrovirus that causes AIDS in humans which leads cancers to thrive. Gag-Onc Fusion Protein is a fusion protein which plays a major role in development of cancer. Gag genes are the part of retroviruses which plays a role in the process of reverse transcription. Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Hodgkin’s disease is a kind of a lymphoma in which cancer originates from white blood cells. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are the treatment methods for hodgkin’s disease. Adult T-cell Leukemia is a rare cancer that occurs in T-cell. Zidovudine, Pralatrexate and CHOP regimen (Cyclophosphamide-Hydroxydaunorubicin-Oncovin-Prednisolone) are the medications for the treatment of Adult T-cell Leukemia. Oncogenes are the group of genes that has a potential to cause cancer. In tumour cells oncogenes are mutated or expressed at higher levels. Mytogens,Receptor tyrosine Kinases, Regulatory GTPases are some of the oncogenes. In Carcinogenesis normal cells are being transformed into cancer cells. Characterized by uncontrolled cell division which results in formation of malignant mass. Oncolytic virus are the group of virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells. New castle disease virus, reovirus are preferentially used as oncolytic agents.
Viral haemorrhagic pyrexia or fever (VHFs) are a group of febrile illnesses caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. These highly infectious viruses lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by pyrexia, malaise, regurgitating, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, oedema, and hypotension. Filoviridae, , Flaviviridae, and are the families that cause haemorrhagic pyrexia. The viruses that cause VHF are distributed over much of the globe. Each virus is associated with 1 or more vector species or nonhuman host, which restricts the virus and hence the initial contamination to the areas are inhabited by these species. The diseases caused by these viruses are visually perceived in people living in or having visited these areas. For these enzootic diseases humans are incidental hosts; however, person-to-person transmission of some viruses can result in sizably voluminous human outbreaks. from several viral families. These highly infectious viruses lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by pyrexia, malaise, regurgitating, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, oedema, and hypotension. Arenaviridae, , Bunyaviridae, , and Rhabdoviridae are the families that cause haemorrhagic pyrexia. The viruses that cause VHF are distributed over much of the globe. Each virus is associated with 1 or more vector species or nonhuman host, which restricts the virus and hence the initial contamination to the areas are inhabited by these species. The diseases caused by these viruses are visually perceived in people living in or having visited these areas. For these enzootic diseases humans are incidental hosts; however, person-to-person transmission of some viruses can result in sizably voluminous human outbreaks.,
Track 11: Agriculture and Plant Virology
Agriculture and Plant virology deals with the cyclic development of plant virus disease within plant population in time and space. Transgenic Plants are those which are genetically modified using recombinant DNA techniques to create plants with new characteristics. Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a transgenic plant. Brome Mosaic Virus a small icosahedral positive stranded RNA plant virus which is found where wheat and barley is grown. Tobacco-mosaic virus is a single stranded RNA virus that causes mottling and discolouration of tobacco leaves. Cucumber mosaic virus are the plant pathogenic virus that occurs in cucumber and tomato plants. Alfalfa mosaic virus is a phytopathogen that leads to yellow mosaics and necrosis on commercially important crops such as peas, lentils, clovers. Rice Stripe Virus is a RNA plant pathogen that infects plants such as wheat, corn and rice. Mycovirology is the study of viruses in which fungi is infected.
Veterinary Virology or animal virology is the study of viruses dealing with animals only. It is a branch of veterinary medicine. Blue Tongue Virus are the kind of non-enveloped double stranded viruses which occurs in sheep, goat and cattle. West nile virus causes west nile fever which is a mosquito borne infection. Zoonotic diseases are those which are naturally transmissible to humans from vertebrate animals. Prion disease composed of the group of conditions that affects the nervous system in humans and animals. Mad cow’s disease affects the brains of the cattle that is infectious which occurs due to prions.
Track 13: Viral hepatitis
Viral Hepatitis is condition in which there is inflammation in the liver due to viral infection. Hepatitis A,B,C,D,E are the hepatotropic viruses. It forms the majority of clinical cases of viral hepatitis. Hepatitis A virus are found mainly in the less developing countries of the world. Hepatitis C is the most common cause of chronic hepatitis. Hepatitis A and E is caused due to consumption of food and water contaminated by the feces of the person infected. Bed rest and vaccination are the medications for Hepatitis A. Hepatitis B,C and D is caused due to puncture woods and contact with infectious body fluids. Antiviral drugs and Vaccinations are opted for this. Alfa interferon is used in the treatment of Hepatitis D. For Hepatitis E adequate rest, intake of enough nutrients, drink plenty of fluids and alcohol should be avoided. HCV is spread primarily by blood-to-blood contact connected with intravenous drug use, inadequately cleaned therapeutic gear, and transfusions. Due to the widespread infection of HCV and demand for these enhanced treatments, multiple estimates forecast the global market for HCV treatment will reach $20 billion yearly before the decade's get over.
Hepatitis and Liver Diseases ConferenceConference on HepatologyConference and Exhibition on PathologyWorld Pathology CongressAmerican Society for MicrobiologySociety for General MicrobiologySociety for Applied MicrobiologyCanadian Society of Microbiologists.
Track 14: Aquatic Viral Disease
Viral diseases is one of the most paramount threats in aquaculture because of recent technologic advances and incrementing expertise in the aquatic veterinary field. whether the virus is considered endemic or exotic. In general, no approved or efficacious treatments subsist for viral diseases in aquaculture species. Channel Cattle Fish Virus disease is an acute, virulent herpes virus infection of fry and fingerling channel catfish that can cause mortality of >80% at dihydrogen monoxide temperatures ≥25°C in diminutive fish (≤5 cm). No efficient treatment or vaccines subsist for these diseases and their control is thus by obviation of exordium and eradication by stamping-out in case of diseases outbreak. Due to close contact with circumventing dihydrogen monoxide the inter-dependence between wild and farmed fish and between individual fish farms the epidemiology in aquaculture is arduous. The prodigious majority of fish diseases are restricted to fish and pose no jeopardy to handlers or consumers.
4th International Conference on Fisheries & Aquaculture November 28-30, 2016,San Antonio, USA; 2 Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries July 11-13, 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 3 International Conference on Aquaculture & Fisheries September 29-October 01 2016, London, UK; 4 International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology July 18-20, 2016, Brisbane, Australia; 7 World Fisheries Congress, Busan, May 23-27, 2016, Korea; 3 International Conference on Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016 August 24-25, Negombo, Sri Lanka; 17th International Symposium on Feeding and Nutrition in Fish June 05-10, 2016, Idaho, USA;
Track 15: Current Research in Virology
Serological diagnosis is prepared by detecting the rising titres of antibody or detection of IgM. By serological methods most of the common viral infections are diagnosed. Western blot, Radioimmunoassay, Enzyme linked immunosorbet assay, Particle agglutination, Recombinant immunoblot assay are the newer techniques of serology. It is the main stay of viral diagnosis. Complement Fixation test, Virus Isolation, Electron microscopy, Haemagluttination inhibition test, Enzyme Linked Immuno Assay, IgG Antibody avidity, Single radial haemolysis, Neutralization, Immunofluorescence Molecular methods are the commonly used viral serological methods used in the field of virology. ELISA was developed in 1970. Competitive, Sandwich and Antibody capture methods are the assay principles used in ELISA technique. In Haemagluttination inhibition test the main motto is to prevent haemogluttination caused by antibodies which goes against viral proteins.
In general, Virology deals with virus-like agents and viruses. Their classification, structure, evolution, their way of infecting and exploiting cells for viral reproduction, viral diseases, isolation techniques and culturing them and also their application in therapy and research. The following are some current research works:
a. Cloning and rescue of the genome bombyx mori bidensovirus and characterization of a recombinant virus. In this Bombyxmori bidensovirus has a potential tool as an expression vector and in biological pest control.
b. Development and Evaluation of non-ribosomal random PCR and next generation sequencing based assay for detection and sequencing of hand,foot, and mouth disease pathogens. Across the Asia-Pacific region hand,foot and mouth disease has become a major public health problem which occurs due to enterovirus A71 and cocksackievirus A6.
c. Important role of N108 residue in binding of bovine-foamy virus transactivator Tas to viral prmoters. In this Bovine foamy virus enhances the viral gene transcription by binding to the long terminal repeat promoter and internal promoter.
d. Isolation of an imported subgenotype B5 strain of human enterovirus A71. In this Enterovirus A71 which is responsible for the outbreaks of hand,foot and mouth disease.
e. Differences in viral load among human respiratory syncytical virus genotypes in hospitalized children with severe acute respiratory infections. Here, it is a viral aetiology of lower respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, bronchiolitis.
Congress on VirologyConference on HIV/AIDS, STDS and STISInfectious Diseases CongressMedical Virology conferenceVirologyVirologyClinical VirologyAmerican Society for MicrobiologySociety for General MicrobiologySociety for Applied MicrobiologyCanadian Society of Microbiologists.
Track 16: Mycology and its diversity
Mycology is the division of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their utilization to humans as a source for tinder, medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their hazards, such as poisoning or infection. The Mycology & Metabolic Diversity Research Centre has constructed sizably voluminous microbial libraries consisting of more than 20,000 microbial isolates and 30,000 cultivated extracts. The diversity, unlikeness and ubiquitous nature of fungi inflated their status to the calibre of fifth kingdom and represent one of the three major metamorphic sections along with plants and animals. Fungi are placed in juxtaposition of arthopods and angiosperms in their richness. They are recognized to interact with plants, animals and microbes and lead mutualistic, symbiotic, saprophytic or pathogenic life.
10th World Congress on Virology and Mycology May 11-12, 2017 Singapore; International Conference on Water Microbiology & Novel Technologies- July 18-20, 2016 Chicago, USA; 3rd Microbiologists Annual Meeting -August 15-17, 2016 Portland, USA; 2nd world Congress on Beneficial Microbe -September 23-25, 2016 Phoenix, USA; Microbial Physiology Conference- September 29-30, 2016; London, UK; Infectious Diseases Conference- Oct 3-5, 2016 Vancouver, Canada; International Conference on Medical Parasitology 2016 , October 17-19, 2016, Houston, USA; International Conference on Human Papillomavirus – October 20-21, 2016, Chicago, USA; Clinical Microbiology Conference- October 24-26, 2016 Rome, Italy; North American Mycological Association, International Mycological Association, North American Mycological Association, Minnesota Mycological Society, Yakima Valley Mushroom Society, Wisconsin Mycological Society, New York Mycological Society.
Track 17: Mycotoxins and Mushrooms
Mycotoxins are a kind of pharmacologically active mold metabolites produced in a strain-specific way. Mycotoxins can also be outlined as secondary metabolites produced by a wide variety of organisms categorized as fungi, including mushrooms, yeasts and molds. Probably, mycotoxins have no biochemical significance on fungal growth; they may have developed to cater a defense system against insects, microorganisms, nematodes, animals and humans. Mycoses are the best-known diseases of fungal diagnosis, but toxic secondary metabolites produced by saprophytic species are also an important health risk. The term mycotoxin is an artificial practice used to describe pharmacologically active mold metabolites defined by vertebrate toxicity. Mycotoxins usually enter the body via ingestion of contaminated foods, but retention of toxigenic spores and direct dermal contact are also important routes.
Mushroom is a fleshy fruit and spore bearing body of a fungus, which grows above ground on soil or on organic pabulum source. Spore is the most paramount microscopic feature for identification of mushrooms. Most of the mushrooms are basidiomycetes and gilled. Basidiospores, are engendered on the gills and fall in a fine rain of powder under the caps. Mushrooms are the fruit bodies of members of the order agaricales. Mushrooms have more uses in modern culinary cuisine than any other aliment crop. Mushroom cultivation is carried out indoor in any room, shed, basement, garage, etc. This should be well ventilated. Paddy straw mushroom can be grown outside in shady places additionally.
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Victoria, it was transformed into one of the world's most astronomically immense and wealthiest cities, during Victorian Gold Rush in 1850. Melbourne rates highly in edification, regalement, health care, research and development, tourism and sport, making it the world's most livable city—for the fifth year in a row in 2015, according to the Economist Perspicacity Unit. It is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region, and ranks among the top 30 cities in the world in the Ecumenical Financial Centres Index. It is home to many of Australia's most sizably voluminous and oldest cultural institutions such as the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne Cricket Ground, the State Library and the National Gallery of Victoria and the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. Melbourne is additionally home to Australia's most extensive freeway network and has the world's most immensely colossal urban tram network.
1. General virology
2. Molecular and Genomic virology
3. Vaccines and Antiviral Drugs
5. Viral Immunology
6. Viral Respiratory Infections
7. Pediatric Virology
8. Sexually transmitted viral infections
9. Oncogenic Viruses
10. Viral haemorrhagic fever
11. Agriculture and Plant Virology
12. Veterinary Virology
13. Viral Hepatitis
14. Aquatic Viral Disease
15. Current Research in Virology
16. Mycology and its diversity
17. Mycotoxins and Mushrooms
18. Mycology and Ecology
Market Analysis Report
In Virology Market Asia Pacific is projected to have the fastest growth, owing to a rapidly developing medical infrastructure, increasing spending on healthcare and growing medical tourism in developing nations such as China and India in this region. The generic competition in the virology market will be at a high pace 2017 onward. In 2016 the global cancer immunotherapies market had extended to $73.0 billion. In 2021 it is expected that this market will progress to nearly about $96.5 billion over the period of 5 years with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.7% from 2016 to 2021.
The Mycology market has been segmented on the basis of geographic regions into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific. The quantitative and qualitative analysis is provided for the global Mycology market considering competitive landscape, development trends, and key critical success factors (CSFs) prevailing in the Mycology industry. In 2016 the global market for antifungal drugs had extended to $13.1 billion. In 2021 it is expected that this market should reach $16.1 billion growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.2% from 2016 to 2021.
Past Conference Report
Virology Asia 2017
Conference Series LLC is the gratified host of the 10th World Congress on Virology and Mycology which marked its legacy in the beautiful backdrop of Singapore during May 11-12, 2017 with an insight to enable its participants to, “New Technologies and therapeutic approaches in virology and mycology”. The Editorial Board Members of OMICS International Journals and the Organizing Committee Members of the conference have extended their support and encouragement towards Virology Asia 2017. Our participants include high-end researchers, academicians, scientists, industrial sphere heads and also young researchers and students who meticulously took an active part in all the sessions of the colloquium.
The key topics around which the conference was highlighted include:
Vaccines and Antiviral Drugs | Neuro Virology | Oncogenic Virus | Viral Hepatitis | Veterinary Virology | Mycology and its diversity| Viral Pathogenesis and latency, Virulence | Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections |Viral Haemorrhagic Fever.
Without the collaborative effort of Conference Series LLC and our supporters the conference could never be what it was. On this note, we would like to thank the following people who laid the foundation for the event’s success.
- Parul Jain, King George’s Medical University, India
· Palayakotai Raghavan, Nanorx Inc., USA
· Limin Chen, University of Toronto, Canada
· Ganesh Shanmugasundaram Anusuya, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India
Conference Series LLC on behalf of the conference extends its warm gratitude to the distinguished speakers: Shantanu Prakash, Amita Jain, Parul Jain from King George’s Medical University, India for conducting an intuitive workshop on the topic, “Neurovirology”. Marking its start with the Opening Ceremony, the introduction by Honourable Guests and the affiliates of Keynote Forum, the conference agenda incorporated several sessions throughout the two days. The high quality verbalizations rendered at the conference by some of the most eminent people in this field is a key framework which approved the event to embark its pride. We therefore extend our cordial gratitude to all our Speakers, Delegates, Young Researchers and Students who made this possible.
The abstracts presented and accepted at the conference were indexed in the OMICS International Journals, Virology and Mycology as a distinct issue.
After the successful completion of Virology Asia 2017 we are glad to announce our next upcoming conference “13th World Congress on Virology and Mycology” which is going to be held during May 24-25, 2018 in Melbourne, Australia” with the theme “A voyage to explore in virology and mycology”.
Bookmark these dates in your calendars; we are hoping to see you soon!
Past Reports Gallery